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I asked a BJJ coach about running. He told me that running a long distance with the same pace affects the muscles negatively. It makes you react slower during a BJJ fight. Is this true? If yes, how should a BJJ practitioner run?

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I am somewhat sceptical of your coach's claim and would like to know if they have a reference beyond personal experience... Still, good question! –  Sardathrion Apr 23 at 12:02
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I was told the same thing by my athletics coach years ago. Running long distances or doing lots of repetitions during weight-lifting (without emphasis on speed) improves your endurance but also has a negative impact on your maximum speed/explosiveness. It's ok to do this in an off-match period, but training in a match-period should focus on speed and technique. I have to admit I've never investigated if there is any scientific evidence for it. –  THelper Apr 23 at 14:20
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I think that if all you do is steady effort, that might be detrimental, if for no other reason than that you're training your body to maintain steady speed in a situation where there's not a lot of reaction going on. That said, if you also do more explosive drills such as breaking into a sprint from a stopped position repeatedly, or training to react to attacks, I don't see why the endurance training would hurt. –  Sean Duggan Apr 23 at 18:01
    
This question might get better responses on fitness.stackexchange.com –  Dave Liepmann Apr 23 at 18:32
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Here is a perspective on running for BJJ: grapplearts.com/Blog/2012/04/cardio-for-the-martial-arts –  TimothyAWiseman Apr 24 at 22:14
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2 Answers 2

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In Living the Martial Way, Forrest Marshall makes the insight that you should run like you want to fight: if you want to fight at a slow, plodding, constant pace, then run long distances as a slow, plodding, constant pace. This advice is a gross simplification of exercise science but it is basically true in this context.

Your coach is right. Long-distance running is close to useless for BJJ. It isn't very good at improving cardio for BJJ and it interferes with other better forms of training for the sport (like strength, power, mobility, or technique work). If you run at all, it should be short sprints.

Your cardio for BJJ should consist of huge amounts of BJJ. Specifically, lots and lots of long, high-intensity rolls. Shark tanks, where you stay in the middle sparring while fresh opponents come in every few minutes, are a great method of doing this, but good old long-rounded sparring classes are solid too.

Other than sport-specific cardio, you should be thinking about strength, explosiveness, and mobility. Those are developed through strength training programs (probably with barbells or other heavy resistance implements), power training programs (probably with extensive use of sprints, jumps, and Olympic lifts), and yoga or stretching.

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Stop thinking so much.

Rolls for building rolling cardio.

Wrestling for building agility during scrambles and standing explosiveness.

Sprints and hills to help with explosiveness.

Long-runs for general aerobic fitness.

Do them all.

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