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I am wondering what are the main techniques/principles to use in order to keep someone from passing your guard.

I.e. How to effectively control posture in closed guard to allow sweeps and subs?

But also, if you feel your closed guard is opening, how to switch effectively to another guard before your opponent has the chance to pass?

Note: I am currently working on butterfly and worm guard as my closed guard gets opened and passed very easily!

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why worm guard? if you are having trouble with basic guards, this is probably something to leave till a bit later –  Keith Nicholas Jun 19 at 4:47
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