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I am wondering what are the main techniques/principles to use in order to keep someone from passing your guard.

I.e. How to effectively control posture in closed guard to allow sweeps and subs?

But also, if you feel your closed guard is opening, how to switch effectively to another guard before your opponent has the chance to pass?

Note: I am currently working on butterfly and worm guard as my closed guard gets opened and passed very easily!

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why worm guard? if you are having trouble with basic guards, this is probably something to leave till a bit later –  Keith Nicholas Jun 19 at 4:47

1 Answer 1

The most basic principle of keeping someone within your closed guard is to always keep your hips up. If your hips are on the ground, it is far easier for you opponent to open your guard. Having your hips up also allows you to drop your hips down and pull your knees toward your chest to break your opponent's posture (often combined with opening your opponent's elbows or breaking your opponent's grips).

This video contains one of the best explanations of how to prevent getting your guard passed. The video covers principles that can be applied to any open-guard situation. These are the main points:

  1. You are at an advantage if you open your guard, and your opponent is at an advantage if he opens your guard.
  2. Maintain four points of contact when playing open guard (explained in detail in the video)
  3. Use your feet, knees, hands, and body positioning to prevent passes and recover
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