A term that describes a student's progress in learning any disciple. Shu or "obedience" indicates the initial stage when the student follows forms strictly. "Ha" or "detachment" indicates the stage when the student begins to experiment and consult other masters. Ri or "separation" indicates full ...

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How can a teacher recognize that a student has progressed from 'ha' to 'ri'?

The Japanese use the concept of Shu, ha, ri to indicate progress in development/growth. Straight from its WikiPedia page, Aikido shihan Endou Seishirou said: It is known that, when we learn or ...