With regards to open palm, dipped foam sparring gloves that karate and taekwondo typically use in class, the weights are usually much lighter than typical boxing gloves.
Weights for boxing gloves are measured in ounces. And it's for one glove by itself. Adult gloves will weigh more than child sized gloves. A typical child sized boxing glove would be 6-8 ounces. A typical adult sized boxing glove would be 14 ounces.
It's the weight that matters. If you imagine a "weighted" glove that weighs 5 pounds, it's the same as having a 5 pound dumbbell in your hand when you throw a punch. You are basically throwing a big weight at your opponent. It's a weapon. So the gloves are standardized by weight to ensure nobody has that kind of an advantage.
For karate and taekwondo, the glove is very different from a boxing glove. It doesn't go all the way around the hand. It's open at the palm and allows finger tips to stick through. These weigh typically 3-7 ounces. For a typical adult sized karate glove like this, you're looking at around 5 ounces. Again, it depends on whether it's a child sized glove or an adult sized glove.
The other thing about these karate / tkd style gloves is that they don't have standards. Mostly they're just designed to cover certain areas with a certain thickness of foam. The weights aren't standard, because basically there shouldn't be any way they could weigh much if they are just made out of a thin layer of foam. (Although that assumption is exploited by cheaters every now and then.)
Where you'll see some standardization of gloves is at the tournament level. Like you'll see "ITF Taekwondo Certified" gloves listed in the tournament requirements, and each competitor needs to have a glove that's from one of the certified suppliers. But local tournaments and individual schools can use whatever they want. It doesn't have to be certified.
Hope that helps.