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A trope in several media, such as Bloodborne and Bleach for example, is weapons that have two mode that can be switched.In case you have no idea what I am talking about, here is a transformation of a Saw Cleaver trick weapon1 from Bloodborne:

Saw cleaver

While there are a lot of strange weapons used in martial arts such as the wind and fire wheel for example, I doubt that there are "trick weapons" in the real world as the mechanism for switching would probably weaken the weapon in either states. However, I could be wrong.

Is there such a weapon?

Note that either CardSharp credit card or switch blades do not really fit as they only have one offensive form, not multiple ones. Neither is a bayonet which is an addition to an already existing weapon. Neither is anything that requires a work shop or external tools to change shape -- so that get rides of modular fire arms and such.


1: Bloodborne is a mature game thus reader discretion is advised before following links.

  • While I am sure that fictional weapons should be on topic, I am not sure that my question does not fall foul of being a "list". How can I improve it? – Sardathrion - against SE abuse Sep 5 '17 at 10:03
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    How rapid a transformation? And how much of one? There exist bo-staffs which can be unscrewed to create two single-sticks (which does weaken the middle). There are guns which can swap barrels and stocks to go from a pistol form to rifle to shotgun. And there are staffs with retractable blades or points to turn a staff into a spear or naginata. – Macaco Branco Sep 5 '17 at 12:42
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If we are talking about blades like the one you mention a simple mechanics setup can make it useful like you mention. In reality though, few people had the metal/skill/money to actually craft a weapon like that during the time periods mentioned. Some examples that modern weapon smiths can probably create for functional use.

Blade/Shield: In principle this is a folding knife the size of a sword with the back of the blade matching with the handle to form a small oval shaped buckler with a tonfa like jabbing end(or not if optional hinge only is followed). The handle and blade would have to be a solid material to maintain impact.

  • Blade is metal the entire length of the weapon with a blade part on one end and a metal counter part on the other end.
  • Handle is a sturdy material like carbon steel or a hard ballistic plastic used in body armor. There is a side handle on this like a tonfa or a full 2 handles like a full shield that you can slide your arm through. Please note the handles on the back need to be significantly lighter than the actual handle material and the handle needs to be lighter than the blade part otherwise your sword tang is way off and the weight distribution is crap.
  • Hinge mechanism between the blade and the handle should be fully concealed inside the handle thus preventing impact on the hinge. Rivets with the ballistic plastic would likely be a good option.
  • Extension mechanics need to be in place as a typical folding knife uses human finger strength to open. You need to embed an extension mechanism so that when you want to extend it to the sword it will actually move out and lock into position.
  • A lock mechanism is needed as well since this is a solid blade for stability a metal brace to keep the blade in place is needed as well. This likely can be a bolt mechanism in the handle which naturally stays locked and fits into the handle or blade part to keep it locked in closed or open states. A mechanism to release the lock is needed as well.
  • Optionally you can make it like a true folding sword but you decrease the sword strength as the hinge would maintain the full brunt of the impact on swings and likely break easier. However, the flip side is your "shield" would have a protruding end on it instead of just a solid shield and your hand would have to adjust for the protruding end to enter the handle and extend.

Baton Blades: Solid blunt that has a removable end with a blade underneath and the removable part hooks into the handle to extend the handle.

  • These are made cheaply already. Usually an imitation fantasy idea, but if you utilize high carbon steel it would be solid enough to actually use. The baton length matches the full sword length with part being the actual handle and the other part a sheath for the sword.

  • Ones that screw in make the baton more stable as the scabbard and the handle will be screwed together instead of just snugly fit which leads to swings making the scabbard fly off. Otherwise some sort of locking mechanism is needed to make the scabbard stay while using as a baton.

  • Optionally the back of the handle has screw grooves as well so that once removing from the blade the scabbard can screw into the handle making the sword into a sort of shortened naginata or one of the elf swords in lord of the rings battle at the beginning.

Bracer blades: A forarm bracer that has a blade extension to function defensively and offensively.

  • Standard forarm bracer made of a solid substance (Steel or Ballistic plastic)

  • Blade mechanism similar to a switchblade with a locking for out or in accordingly. This is usually either on the inside of the wrist or the outside of the wrist as you need room for the blade to shoot out without cutting your fingers off.

Survival Weapons: These are more modern day survival weapons/tools and not historical.

  • There is a wide variety of these that exist on the market today. Knife axes where the knife is in the handle of the axe.

  • Saw knifes where the knife part gets replaced with a saw blade that screws in.

  • Telescoping weapons that extend like batons some including blades and some just turning from a kubotan into a full baton.

  • Spear that screws together in parts and has compartments for storage and knife etc...

  • Pretty much anything that modern mechanics can come up with is possible, but most of these are made with stainless steel which is not very good for impact. You would need to take a concept here and then apply high carbon steel to make it worthy of actual combat.

In short, yes it's possible with technology today, but the usefulness of such weapons is likely only for mercenaries or fantasy replicas which makes the production of these custom and extremely expensive or cheap and easily breakable. You need a professional blacksmith/weapons maker and a solid design including the mechanics/weight distribution and movement physics to actually create one. The cost will likely be $500(US) on the cheap side and up to whatever you are willing to pay. For a good 30k you could likely make most anything you wish and it would be fully functional and sturdy.

Note: Ballistic projectiles adds more cost and you will likely end up paying much more than just the standard melee weapons.

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Most "trick" weapons have historically been the tools of spies and assassins, and the trick was disguising a weapon as an innocuous object. That doesn't seem to be what you are interested in.

The M203 and Master Key are secondary weapon systems (a 40mm grenade launcher and 12 gauge shotgun respectively) which were designed to attach to an assault rifle. Accurate use of either subsystem requires a different grip and positioning of the weapon, and both have their own dedicated triggering and loading mechanisms. So, an individual would either be utilizing the rifle aspect, or the grenade launcher aspect, but couldn't optimally do both at the same time.

Other than that sort of weapon subsystem, I don't think you will find much. The circumstances in the game Bloodborne don't exist in the real world (particularly needing to cause differing kinds of damage to an enemy). There aren't (m)any combat situations where a transformable hybrid weapon would be favorable to carrying dedicated versions of the weapons needed and using them in turn. The hybrid weapons that have historically existed are of dubious function (see Lantern Shield and Pistol Sword). The properties which make a good firearm and a good sword have very little crossover.

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Here is one example of a "trick weapon", the "MPMS" Multi-Purpose Metal Stick, which claims to allow the user "to combine or unfasten with a simple twist of the wrist" the unit into nightsticks, nunchuks, batons, or a billy club.

MPMS

That said, I have not found any demonstration of this in use, so your mileage may vary.

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Shikomizue katana sword, or popularly known as the Zatoichi sword, is a weapon which is disguised as a walking stick but actually a sword. It is believed to be invented during the Meiji Period (1868-1912), when the public carrying of weapons were restricted.

enter image description here

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