Judo has a standardised syllabus of techniques maintained and occasionally revised by the Kodokan, divided into throwing and grappling (pins, joint-locks, strangles) techniques.

Most national organisations maintain a list of techniques based on this syllabus which a student is required to demonstrate some degree of proficiency in as a component of each grading.

Does a similar standardised syllabus exist for BJJ?


IBJJF referenced techniques

BJJ does not have a canonical list of techniques, however, the IBJJF makes reference to a number of techniques in its rules:

  • Takedown: Single or double-leg takedown, Suplex, Scissor takedown*
  • Positions: Side-control, North-south, Knee on belly, Mount, Side-mount, Sideways mount, Technical mount, Back mount, Back control, Hooks, Ground fighting
  • Guard: Closed guard, Half-guard, Reverse half-guard, guard pull
  • Guard pass
  • Sweep
  • Submission:
    • Triangle, Flying Triangles, Choke with spinal lock, Forearm choke, Ezequiel choke, Frontal guillotine choke, Arm triangle
    • "Lock inside the closed guard with legs compressing kidneys or ribs"
    • Armbar, Flying Armbars, Omoplata, Wristlock
    • Bicep slicer, Calf slicer
    • Straight foot lock, Toe hold, Knee bar, Heel hook,* Lock twisting the knees,* Knee reaping*
    • Triangle (pulling head), Spinal lock*

References: (1.3.8), (2.5.2), (4.1.7), (4.1.8), (4.2), (4.4), (4.4.1), (4.5), (6.2.2 W), (6.2.3 L), (6.2.3 M)
* banned in competition

Common techniques

The following is a (non-exhaustive) list of techniques generally recognized in the BJJ community:


  • Judo (gi) throws
  • No-gi throws (Single leg takedown, Double leg takedown, Fireman's carry, Suplex, Slam)
  • Arm drags (Overhook, Underook)


  • Closed guard
  • Half guard (Quarter guard, Lockdown, Z-guard)
  • Open guard (X, De la Riva, Spider, Butterfly, Rubber, 50/50)

Guard passes

  • Simple guard pass
  • Stacking guard pass
  • Near knee guard pass

Guard sweeps

  • Scissor sweep
  • Push sweep
  • Xande sweep
  • Flower sweep


  • Side control (Scarf hold)
  • Mount (Full, Seated, Technical, Back)
  • Back control
  • Knee on belly
  • North-South
  • Crucifix



  • Armlocks
    • Wristlocks (flexing, supinating, abducting)
    • Armbar (straight, inverted)
    • Biceps slicer
    • Shoulder-locks
      • Americana, Kimura, Hammerlock
      • Omoplata, Baratoplata, Monoplata/Marceloplata
  • Leglocks
    • Ankle-locks (Straight, Toe hold)
    • Kneebar
    • Calf slicer
    • Heel hook* (inside, outside)
    • Banana split
  • Neck cranks (Can opener, Cattle catch, Crucifix, Twister, Guillotine)


  • Gi chokes
    • Baseball choke
    • Cross choke (Palm up/palm down, Palm up/palm up)
    • Breadcutter/Papercutter
    • Thrust choke
    • Loop choke
    • Ezequiel
    • Bow and Arrow, Arm and collar, Clock, Crucifix
  • No-gi chokes
    • RNC (Figure-four grip, Gable grip)
    • Guillotine
    • North South Choke
    • Gogoplata
    • Triangle
    • Arm triangle
      • Kata-gatame choke, North South choke (arm-in), Von Flue
      • Anaconda, Peruvian necktie, D'Arce/Brabo/Japanese necktie

Pressure submissions

  • Body-scissors
  • Knee on belly

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