1

In a judo context, "elbow-lock" has a broader definition than in other martial arts, referring to both armbars and bent-arm rotational locks (since both manipulate the elbow joint for effect, regardless of the point of pain).1 2

Given this, what does a shoulder lock refer to in judo?

1

In Judo texts which use "elbow lock" to refer to bent-arm locks, the term "shoulder lock" appears in two contexts:

  • kata-gatame ("shoulder hold", osaekomi-waza)1 2 3
  • kata-ha-jime ("single wing choke", shime-waza)4

Note that while these "lock" the shoulder in place, they are not kansetsu-waza since they do not cause pain to the arm by stretching, bending, or twisting it. As such they are legal, as incorporated in the above techniques.


Notes:

1. My Method of Judo, Mikinosuke Kawaishi (1955)
2. Jūdō, Sakujirō Yokoyama, ‎Eisuké Ōshima (1915)
3. Judo for Young Men, Tadao Ōtaki, Donn F. Draeger (1965)
4. Higher Judo - Groundwork (p.173) (1952)

Figs. 193 and 194 show a strangle-hold combined with a shoulder-lock.

enter image description here

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.