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A number of changes have been made to Kodokan osaekomi-waza classification over the years; how are different pins distinguished in Judo?

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kesa-gatame

  • any hold where tori holds uke diagonally controlling their head and one arm, facing uke's head

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kuzure-kesa-gatame

  • any variant of kesa-gatame where the hold is under both arms, not diagonally across the shoulder and under one arm

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  • makura-kesa-gatame:

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ushiro-kesa-gatame

  • any variant of kesa-gatame where you are facing the direction of uke's legs

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  • short-arm scissors hold

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kata-gatame

  • pin similar to kesa-gatame but with uke's arm trapped against their neck by tori's shoulder in an arm triangle (as opposed to trapped under tori's armpit)

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kami-shiho-gatame

  • any hold where tori holds uke facing them head on, with both arms under or over uke's arms:

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  • also includes transitions from yoko-sankaku-jime:

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kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame

  • variant of kami-shiho-gatame with one of uke's arms trapped:

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yoko-shiho-gatame

  • any hold where you face uke perpendicularly, controlling a leg and the head/far arm:

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  • mune-gatame:

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tate-shiho-gatame

  • any hold where you are seated over uke's abdomen/chest controlling their head/arm(s)

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  • also includes sankaku-holds from this position

uki-gatame

  • any hold from a juji-gatame-like position
  • any hold where you are restraining uke by putting weight on their abdomen through your knee/shin

ura-gatame

  • pins similar to ushiro-kesa-gatame but with control of the near leg/back facing uke

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