The Kodokan has numerous materials detailing the canonical versions of their shime-waza along with several variations. However, there are a large number of competition chokes (and novel chokes imported from BJJ) which are not covered. How are these classified?


Below is a list of chokes and how they fall into the 12 current Kodokan shime-waza classifications. Note that like with certain throws, there is often debate as to whether certain choke applications fall into one category or another (e.g. okuri-eri-jime vs kata-te-jime).

  • Techniques denoted with an asterisk are not competition legal (* † ‡).
  • Letter superscripts represent examples in competition ( a b c ).
  • Number superscripts represent referenced materials ( 1 2 3 ).

Kodokan shime-waza and their variations

Arm chokes



  • Short wrist choke (Gable grip)
  • Rear Naked Choke (Biceps grip)
  • Mae-hadaka-jime (Guillotine / Inverted from sprawl)
  • North South choke*
  • Leg/arm choke
    • Kagato-jime (Pillory choke / Heel choke)
    • Ashikubi-jime (Gogoplata / Ankle choke)

Leg chokes



  • Omote-sankaku 4
  • Yoko-sankaku 4
  • Inverted triangle
  • Back Triangle

Collar chokes

Cross collar chokes

  • Nami-jūji-jime
  • Gyaku-jūji-jime aWith leg assist a
  • Kata-jūji-jime
    • Baseball choke ("Batto" jime / Ura-juji-jime)
    • Tomoe-jime 5

Okuri-eri-jime a

  • Tawara-jime 11 (Inverted from sprawl)
  • Koshi-jime (Yoko-jime / Clock choke) a
  • Collar and arm choke 3
  • Jigoku-jime → Ashi-kake-jigoku-jime (with leg assist)
  • Bow-and-Arrow choke a b c d
    • → (with leg assist)
    • → Kaiten-okuri-eri-jime (Rolling entry / British choke)1 a b c
  • Loop chokes
    • Kote-jime 2 4 a (Kote-shibori / Ude-shibori / Ushiro-kata-ha-jime)
    • Nezumi-tori (Loop choke grabbing leg) → Gator roll a


  • Kyo-jime (Breadcutter choke holding belt) a b c
  • Itachi-jime (Loop choke holding belt) a
  • Leg/collar choke
    • Kata-te-kata-ashi-jime a
    • Ashi-jime (Canto choke)


  • Thrust choke
  • Necktie-jime

Kata-ha-jime a

  • Inverted (from sprawl)
  • Ōten-jime (Rolling entry) 5


  • Kani-jime (with leg assist)

Unclassified chokes

Arm triangle

  • (From sprawl)
    • D'Arce choke → Ungvári turnover
    • Anaconda choke → Gator roll
    • Peruvian necktie‡
  • (From supine)
    • Kata-gatame
    • North-South choke (Arm in)
    • Von Flue choke

Body compressions

  • Kesa-gatame
  • Uki-gatame (Knee on belly)


  • Kagato-jime (pulling lapels)
  • Neck scissors
  • Shin choke (supine)


  • Gerbi choke†
  • Baseball choke



1. Rolling entry sometimes referred to as kaiten-jime / oten-jime. Often misspelled "othen-jime", presumably from misreading "oh-ten" (大転, "big turn") as "o-then".
2. Ude-shibori seems to be just an alternate reading of the same characters for ude-jime (reading 絞 as shiboru as opposed to shimeru).


3. Jiu-Jitsu University, Saulo Ribeiro (2008)
4. Fighting Judo, Katsuhiko Kashiwazaki (1984)
5. Ma méthode de judo, Mikonosuke Kawaishi (1952)
6. Komlock! Judo newaza of Koji Komuro (2012) (video series)
7. Judo Encyclopedia (1999)
8. Kodokan Judo Video Series Vol. 3 - Katame-waza: Various Techniques and their Names (1994)
9. "Introduction to Judo Shime-Waza" - Baseball Magazine, Katsuhiko Kashiwazaki, Koji Komuro (2010)
10. Newaza of Kashiwazaki (1998) (video series)
11. Canon of Judo, Kyuzo Mifune (video)

- https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/絞め技


* It is never allowed to hold an osaekomi just around the head/neck without control of at least one arm.

To apply shime-waza using either your own or your opponent’s belt or bottom of the jacket or using only the fingers.

To apply leg scissors to the opponent’s trunk (dojime), neck or head (scissor with crossed feet, while stretching out the legs). In shime-waza (e.g. ryote -jime) it is forbidden to use the legs to assist the grip.

- IJF Sport and Organisation Rules

| improve this answer | |
  • What's an arm-in North-South choke? Every N-S choke I know is specifically arms-out by design. – Dave Liepmann Mar 25 at 14:32
  • @DaveLiepmann I don't think it's a very common submission, but here it is demo'd transitioning from side-control: youtube.com/watch?v=3W182KibtP0 – brazofuerte Mar 25 at 15:53
  • Note: add section on nomenclature of shine-waza and how this has differed historically from nage-waza (single example technique names picked as umbrella term for many (cf ma méthode de judo) others, name doesn't necessarily characterise all such variants etc) – brazofuerte May 5 at 13:04

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