There is a lot of mixed feeling online whether ninjutsu would work well in a street fight or a self-defence scenario. Ninjutsu is a very unconventional form of martial arts; it's ancient and outdated techniques may not be 100% practical, but that doesn't mean it can't be applied.

I would like someone who has some experience either positive or negative with Bujinkan to share their experience of Bujinkan..

  • I do not have experience with this art, so I'm not going to write this as an answer. I do believe that It could still be pretty effective because of the falling techniques. Since Ninjas had to fight samurai, then it could be helpful if being attacked with a knife, dagger etc. Remember, Ninjutsu was made to actually fight in real life, so it would probably be effective nowadays.
    – LemmyX
    Commented Mar 6, 2020 at 14:35
  • 1
    A good measure to assess martial arts effectiveness is to see if it appeared in MMA, most notably UFC. Ninjutsu, AFAIK was only represented by Steve Jennum who fought 2 fights, using techniques that weren't that different from what BJJ or MMA have to offer.
    – Petruza
    Commented Mar 14, 2020 at 21:58

6 Answers 6


I trained in Bujinkan for less than a year, but it was a very rewarding experience which informs my martial arts to this very day. It is a library of classical jujitsu technique. Virtually anything you can think of is in there. Whenever I analyze karate and kung-fu forms ("kata bunkai" to Okinawan karate), I often use my understanding of classical jujitsu to ascertain what the purpose of the motions are. And Bujinkan gave me a big leg up with that.

That said, I think it's a dead end in terms of being able to fight well in real life. I say that, because it has an old and flawed understanding of how to train. What MMA / no-holds-barred competition has taught us over and over again is that it's how you train that matters, not what style you train in. I'll explain...

In order to perform well under the pressure of fighting for real, you need to prepare yourself for that by training much the same way. You perform the way you are trained. If you don't train by having someone resisting everything you do, punching you in the face, kicking you in the legs, trying to grab a hold of you and take you to the ground, trying to pummel you once you're on the ground, trying to choke you out, etc. then you simply won't know what to do when you find yourself in that situation for real.

So you want to train with partners who aren't letting you get away with anything. Their job is to win against you. They will stop you from doing anything to them. They will use force. They will not let you do anything. You will feel like it's a fight or a struggle at least.

Now, here's the most important factor: You need to train safely. Because if you don't have rules in place to keep each other safe, neither you nor your partner will be able to come back tomorrow and train. You'll be too injured. So it's vital that you have a reasonable set of rules in place to keep everyone safe.

This is a point of contention with Bujinkan and many other traditional styles. They would argue that they can't do sparring and other kinds of training with people actively trying to "win" against each other, because their techniques would seriously injure or kill themselves if they did. They argue that their stuff isn't a "sport", and so there are no sport rules and no sparring allowed. They say that everything they do is deadly, so there's no way to spar safely.

The counter-argument is that if you don't train with resistance, pressure, and liveness, your skill at actually fighting will be quite low. You will never develop your ability to handle a fully resisting opponent. You won't have any reliable skill at fighting. And when you find yourself in a real fight, you won't know what to do. You'll be a deer in headlights. You might freeze up. Or you might present a laughable defense.

So what MMA and other modern martial arts do is to create a limited set of rules to keep everyone safe, and nothing more. That generally means no eye gouging, no strikes to the throat, and a small number of other obvious rules. But everything else is fine.

When training in MMA, of course, you won't go all out like you would do in a competitive MMA fight. Your goal isn't to destroy your partner. Your goal is to learn from your partner, and he'll learn from you. You don't want to hurt each other. But at the same time, you don't want to go easy on each other, because that wouldn't help anyone. There's a balancing act you need to do. You'll figure it out when you go train at an MMA gym.

While it has gotten more rules over time, the original UFC #1 had almost no rules: no biting, no eye gouging, and no groin shots. This was only enforced by a $1500 fine. Seriously, that's pretty limited!

Bujinkan does involve a lot of resistance, don't get me wrong. In class, your partner will not just let you do stuff to him. If you have to take him to the ground by applying leverage on a standing arm-bar, for example, your opponent won't just fall to the ground when you press lightly on his arm. Instead, he'll wait until you show a strike to his face and until you press firmly on his arm and drag him outwards using the weight of your whole body. Then he'll act the part. He'll let you take him down to the ground. And he'll stop resisting you from this point forward, usually.

Acting is very important in Bujinkan. Without it, partners would have to hurt each other to get the desired response, which nobody wants. So that means you show a strike to the solar plexus instead of actually doing it. And then your partner bends over to show that he would be in pain if he was hit there.

But this kind of resistance and play acting isn't very useful for preparing you for a real fight. You know your partner will always comply if you're doing the technique the way he expects. You just have to use the right amount of force and do the right thing. Your opponent won't struggle against you. He's not going to throw you if you're off balance. He's not going to punch you in the face if you're not defending your head. Etc.

And in real life, your opponent won't often respond to pain in the way it's presented in an ideal way by your partners in a Bujinkan class. You'll be surprised in real life when you punch someone's solar plexus, and yet he doesn't bend forward and stop resisting you like your partners do in class.

Bottom line is that this way of training gives you a false sense of confidence. And the moment you do get into a real fight and things aren't working out like you expect, you simply won't know what to do. You'll freeze. You won't be prepared for someone who's truly fighting back, because that's not part of the training in Bujinkan.

Now, another argument you'll hear from Bujinkan and other traditional martial arts is that if they can't do their eye gouges and death strikes to the throat in training or competition, then it's no longer representative of their art. They're saying that they must have all of those techniques in order to make it work for real. These are apparently fundamental / core techniques in their perspective. Or if they're not fundamental, they're arguing that taking away anything from their art makes it impossible for them to fully express their art, so it's like it's no longer their art.

Whereas the counter-argument is that eye gouges simply aren't core techniques, therefore aren't necessary for sparring. What are core techniques? Core techniques will allow you to get into a position to reliably deliver that eye gouge. If you have a strong core foundation, then eye gouging in real life is a trivial thing to be able to do, because you should be able to get in close enough and control your opponent well enough to be able to apply the eye gouge while your opponent is struggling against you. Whereas, if you have no core foundation, you have no reliable way of getting into a position to be able to apply the eye gouge.

What MMA and other resistance based training methods give you is a core foundation that you can use as a framework for reliably getting in and out of positions while someone is fully resisting and struggling against you. Eye gouges, throat strikes, ear claps, fish hooks, testicle grabs, pressure points / dim-mak, etc. are all secondary techniques that can only be done reliably if you already have a core foundation. Without that core foundation, these secondary techniques are pretty ineffective.

Another argument against things like eye gouges is that, once you have the skills that MMA training gives you, you don't need to do eye gouges. You have lots of other options. And frankly, blinding someone is rarely appropriate. If you're in a war, sure. But if this is a self-defense situation against a bully at school, you have no business doing something like that.

Let's get back to Bujinkan. Like I said, it has a huge collection of classical jujitsu techniques. If that's all you want, it's a great choice. Bujinkan's teaching style is less structured than most other jujitsu styles. White/green belts often learn the same techniques that black belts are doing. And depending on your instructor, it can feel like having ADHD, because they'll cover so many techniques in each class. They don't hold anything back from beginners. That means after just a year of training, you'll have been exposed to techniques that might have taken you a decade before you were shown them in other styles.

But it's a double-edged sword. Bujinkan's training style isn't for people looking to get really polished and refined really quickly. It's a breadth-first method of learning. They don't spend time repeating the same technique over and over again until you're perfect at it. There's no rote memorization. You learn a technique, do it several times, and then move on to something else. You might not come back to that until two or three months have passed. And all the while, they're modifying the technique and changing it into another technique, something they call "henka" (variations). They do this so that your subconscious will just figure out what's common, what the underlying principle is behind the techniques. They won't tell you that. You're just supposed to figure it out on your own over time.

So again, Bujinkan is great for learning lots of classical jujitsu. One of the best styles there is for that if you want to learn lots of stuff really fast. But it's not great for those wanting to get really good at a small number of things before moving on.

And as for fighting, like I said, Bujinkan is a dead end. You won't learn how to fight in Bujinkan. You'll learn a lot of techniques, but not how to use them reliably in a fight. For that, you'll need to train in a manner similar to MMA. Which gives you maybe a plan of action: First train in Bujinkan for a while, and then go train in MMA. See if you can bring your Bujinkan techniques into your MMA training.

There are a number of high ranking Bujinkan people who train in MMA, BJJ, and Muay Thai. You'll want to do some research and read what they wrote about the subject. You'll find a lot of agreement with what I just said. And you should read rebuttals on the web from Bujinkan purists, too. See what everyone says. And in the end, make your own educated judgment.

Hope that helps.

  • 1
    Wow...the annalysis is Brilliant. Thx for that!
    – FANerY
    Commented Mar 7, 2020 at 14:43
  • 1
    @FANerY You should stop by a Bujinkan school to see what happens in a typical class. You won't find sparring. If there is any "sparring" in Bujinkan, it's very controlled and limited in many ways. The "play acting" that I mentioned will still be a part of it. Only rarely have I ever seen Bujinkan do any kind of real, live sparring at medium to full contact. When it happens, people get injured, so it's like once a year and only for people who don't care about getting hurt. It's not very smart. They simply don't train to spar, so they don't know what to do when they spar for real. Commented Mar 7, 2020 at 16:28
  • 2
    @FANerY You should also be aware that many of the Bujinkan videos you see on Youtube showing what looks to be sparring are demonstrations, not real sparring. It looks like people are resisting, but they're not. Not like MMA does it. They won't show themselves sparring against boxers and MMA fighters. If they did, it would be obvious they're way outclassed. Yes, different instructors of Bujinkan may do things differently and may incorporate some real sparring, but that is going to be the exception. Very rare to find. Commented Mar 7, 2020 at 16:34
  • 2
    @FANerY Karate does "free" sparring and kata bunkai. The problem is that they don't combine the two like MMA does. And so in karate, once again you will not be training to fight. You'll be training to spar and to do kata / kata bunkai. In general. It goes to the rule set. If you add rules like no punches to the face, no grabbing, no throws, no take-downs, no wrestling, etc., then that's pretty far removed from anything you'd encounter in a real fight. You won't be prepared for it. Kyokushin is better than most, but no punches to the face means you won't learn to defend against them... Commented Mar 9, 2020 at 15:21
  • 3
    @FANerY Oh, you asked about the practicality of BJJ for real fights. The answer is they have proven track record for real fights. It works more effectively than anything else I've seen (aside from MMA, but MMA uses BJJ). Some argue against it because you want to be mobile in a real fight, not stuck on the ground. Knowing BJJ means you're really good at getting up from the ground whenever you want and not being taken to the ground. The difference is: In BJJ, you get to choose. In other martial arts, you don't. At least not reliably. Hope that helps. Commented Mar 11, 2020 at 3:01

Ninjutsu is nearly never something with a heritage from the former ninja / shinobi. This would be rather infiltration / survival training, or special ops training.

Bujinkan Ninjutsu has a rather good mixture, mostly coming from the classic Japanese Jujutsu. It has a higher focus on live sparring and applying techniques to an 'unwilling' partner. The sports aspect is far lesser than Judo, for example. The higher you get, the more 'realistic' it may be. You can only get realistic to one point, anything further would harm your partner.

As always, it depends much on your teachers, your commitment and toughness, your class and other facts.

I don't like the 'ninja' story about it, but this may be good for marketing. Living more rural, I don't have the option anymore.

So I'm doing German JuJutsu here. This is a mixture of several classic fighting systems, and gets updated now and then. It also has association wide classes, e.g. defense against attackers with guns.


Following the comments and the other answer, I just want to mention the demand of being 100% realistic isn't realistic. Not even in military training.

Your partner has only two eyes. After taking both out / squeezing them there are no more to train on. Broken bones and torn joints take several months to heal, if at all.


Not only for Bujinkan but for most martial arts, I'd add to the other answers that not only the effectiveness of techniques is important, but also the mental (or spiritual if you will) preparation is key.
Fear, stress, anxiety, all will affect how you fight, often being fearless or calm will work against a rival with better technique but that's not in the zone.
Having faced realistic combat will definitely let you know if your mind and attitude will play for you or against you on a real fight.
In my experience, I learned way more of martial arts and fighting while getting punched in the face than from repeating kata or kicking a padded focus.

  • 1
    They actually say that no one knows how they will react until they get punched in the face. (Also very good to learn the hard way not to lead with your face into a punch;)
    – DukeZhou
    Commented Nov 18, 2020 at 3:25

Not sure if you are still looking for an answer but I read the previous answers posted and I'd like to add some things.

I've been doing Ninjutsu for about 8 years now and I can say I've had some experience.

Well I do agree with the previous comments about the fact that no sparring does restrict your ability to adapt in a real incounter with a person who wants to win, I would like to point out that every dojo that teaches Ninjutsu teaches it slightly differently.

The original form of Ninjutsu was used on the battle field in a multitude of ways, but this was a long time ago and rules and social acceptance of carrying around a 'weapon' has changed. So too must the principal of Bujinkan.

Each school within the principal of Ninjustu teaches the student different aspects of defence and offense. However, many people walk into a nNnjutsu dojo and expect to be taught how to attack you aggressor. This concept is not used in Ninjutsu. It's not about attacking your aggressor but about controlling them and the situation. As soon as you give into the urge to become aggressive or angry in the situation your judgement of that situation is slowed and therefore your reactions are slowed.

That being said, what Ninjutsu teaches you is not necessarily how to use those exact techniques that you have been taught to get out of a situation. What it teaches you is how to adapt and react to those situations as they unfold.

For example, in Ninjutsu, within every school there is an emphasis on Taijutsu (body movement), this helps you by teaching you that moving effectively and quickly is half the battle won. Now some may disagree with that but let me put you in a situation.

So, you are cornered in a ally or maybe just next to a building. There are two attackers. Now you know how to punch and kick, so you've got some basic moves under you belt. OK? Now what use is knowing how to punch and kick if you can't move around those people. It's all well and good having a strong punch until you are put in a situation where the person is too close or they're at the wrong angle. Not only that but, you have not only one person going for the win but two. So how does Ninjutsu deal with this?

Well early on in training and through out it, one of the thing you with be taught is Taijutsu and of course reaction time. This can be trained in many ways. Like I said, no two dojos train the same. In my experience, one of the multitude of exercises I did, was were my sensai had a bokken (wooden training katana) and I stood infront of him at cutting distance. We would stand there and at no particular point in time he would cut down. With no idea when the cut is going to come you have to move or roll out of the way. So this with an abundance of other exercises has reduced my reaction time to something that would keep we standing if more than one person attacks.

Now to the comment on contact within Ninjutsu.

Once again I emphasise the fact that dojos teaching this principal vary widely.

The dojo I trained in and am training in has full and half contact training. While we do not participate in sparring per say, when we train with our partner we hit each other and we resist the technique.

If the technique involves a punch to the solar plexus we hit the solar plexus, within reason of course. If you are trying to get your partner off balance they have all rights to move so they are back on balance. This forces you to adapt and move differently. Try something else. Not every principal is going to work on every person.

And that in the root of Bujinkan.

If a person attacks you in the street you're not going to pull out these flashy moves to take them down. You don't know if a certain move is going to effect them. You need to be able to be in that situation, be calm, think clearly, and adapt.

You are taught to rip with your nails, use pressure points, attack the eyes, nose, ears, you are taught the weak points on the body. A kick to the side of the knee with force will dislocate something, a strike to the temple is dangerous, a strong shuto strike to the collar bone will break it. But it will not always work, so you are taught that the first thing you want to do is distract them so you can get away.

You are taught that a broom can break bones, your keys can be used as a weapon, if you kick up dirt you can district them.

Not only that but it teaches you your limits. It teaches you that if you have a gun pointed to you, well you may have been taught to disarm, you can't be macho and try to take them down.

It uses the human weeknesses both physical and mentally in order to control yourself, the aggressor and the situation.

Now Bujinkan is an old form of fighting but the principals of surviving stay the same. Well we are not in ancient times with the samurai and ninjas who originally trained under Bujinkan Budo Taijustu, the main emphasis in modern Bujinkan is adapting.

If you are able to avoid attacks, you'll be OK. If you distract them and get, away, you'll be OK. If you counter their attacks and get them down, you'll be OK. How you'll reach the point where you are ok will never be the same. You may have to fight. You may have to defend yourself against multiple people. You may be stuck. All the techniques that you have been taught, well to be honest, you're going to forget them. But what you won't forget is how to move. How to strike. How to adapt to the person in front of you. And most importantly how to control the situation you are in.

Many people have said to me that ninjust is useless in a real fight and I disagree.

The way I have been taught it has left me the last one standing. Eye gouges, eardrum bursting, clawing, are all part of that learning. Maybe you won't use them, as many things in martial arts aren't ingrained into you, you will still learn how to get out of a situation.

What I'm trying to say in my long answer, is that I myself and the way I have been taught Bujinkan, has taught me how to fight. And anyone who says otherwise is being taught differently. Anyone who says that they don't do training with a partner is missing out on adapting to different people. Anyone who says that you are not taught how to fight dirty (eye gouges, screaming, clawing) is only being taught the techniques and not the root of ninjutsu.

How to survive and get out.

So that's my answer and my opinion. Hope it helped.


Bujinkan first is not a sport.

Focus is using all methods of the martial skills of old and new it is ever developing to adapt to the ideal of surviving a conflict.

Utilizing the Mind Body and Spirit to envelope the evil intent of a situation; destroy it completely and return to peace.

Evade and remove onseself from the situation by what ever you have to do is foremost.

There are traditional methodologies practiced, most certainly; how else do you learn to use a 3ft razor blade without hurting yourself

Become acclimatized to all environments and weather wearing all types of clothing. Training sessions dressed in heavy winter gear while on a frozen lake is a lot of fun.

Go full out on trees and related equipment it's hard to use on your partners. Use appropriate sparring equipment - yes I did say sparring. Love the 8 man circle continued attacks on the piggy in the middle, team battles 2v2 4v4 2v4 4v8 8v8; fight to push your partner to submit or back against the wall. Evasion and escape practice is a lot of fun hard work but rewarding.

Any martial experience is what you as the participant make of it. All martial arts have lessons to share.

Bruce Lee: Keep what is useful to you, discard what is useless

Tools and equipment become second nature as breathing

Some may see this as "dirty fighting"; yes, it is the ground - it can become dirty and messy.

Conflict is not about ones own protection but ensuring the protection of others around you.

Self reliance not self defence so we do hit first if needed.

The ultimate goal of bujikan is to live without fear. Help when needed.

Go find a shibu or dojo; spend some time sharing ideas; see for yourself.


People who train for many years in samuraijutsu and ninjutsu of the Bujinkan in-person with a Dai Shihan will definitely be good at many real street fight or self defense situations against different opponents. There is so much about the skills of a Bujinkan practitioner that is not apparent to other fighters. Don’t believe all the fake news about the Bujinkan. Don’t believe what those who misunderstand it say about it.

  • Do they train against resisting opponents who don't have to stick with a fixed set of techniques? Commented Nov 16, 2020 at 23:17

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.