Questions tagged [history]

Martial arts origins, lineage, intermingling, influences, and cultural contexts.

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1answer
517 views

Origin of this Zen koan-like story

We all heard that story, in one form or another: Student: Master, how long does it take to be a black belt. Master: Four years. Student: What if trained twice as hard? Master: Eight ...
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0answers
32 views

Is there a function of mythology, history, and oral history in martial arts?

Jian is my focus, and I get criticized for passing on “single drop of red”. This is because most people’s awareness of the concept comes though late 20th century wuxia, is a fantastical genre from its ...
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3answers
85 views

What does it mean to "eat bitter" in Chinese gongfu

This is an old Chinese idiom, but it seems to have a special importance in Chinese martial arts, where it might be said to be a central maxim. Essentially, some form of: "To get good gongfu, ...
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3answers
287 views

What is the value in preserving traditional martial arts in the mixed martial arts era?

This question does not express an opinion. The author has reached some conclusions of his own, but feels it is a useful question for both those who remain dedicated to traditional arts and those who ...
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4answers
3k views

Origin of the "pinyon" in Villari's Shaolin-Kempo-Karate system?

When I was young, I took a few years of Shaolin-Kempo-Karate at a couple Villari's dojos. As part of our training, we had the expected set of katas that we were required to learn. However, there was ...
8
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2answers
308 views

What did Judo change/innovate when it branched from Jujutsu?

What did Judo change/innovate from Jujutsu? I understand that Kano, the inventor of Judo, borrowed from Jujutsu, and his style was originally called Kano Jujutsu. And I understand that he removed ...
5
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3answers
459 views

Two-Handed Basket-Hilted Sword Usage?

Is there a method of sword fighting where one uses two handed techniques with a basket-hilted sword? I've heard that this happened, just not where, when, and what the technique was called.
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9answers
2k views

How important is lineage when it comes to credibility or trustworthiness?

I was doing some surfing today and noticed a few mentions of lineage when considering a given school/dojo. The people asking about lineage of a given school seemed to feel that if the instructor(s) ...
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2answers
141 views

Sun Tzu as applied to martial arts?

Sun Tzu is famous for his strategy manual The Art of War. In modern times this manual has been applied to domains such as business, but has it been applied to martial arts? Can Art of War be applied ...
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0answers
87 views

Origin of the triangle choke?

The triangle choke as used in Judo and Brazilian Jiu-jitsu has its origins in early 20th century Judo: Original Translation Photograph from article この技法は大正十一年の高専柔道大会で六高柔道部生徒達によって初めて繰り出され、それ以降... ...
6
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2answers
240 views

When was throwing introduced to martial arts?

Throws seem mysterious to me. Just the idea of being able to move your body in such a way that you are able to physically pick someone up without your hands and land them on their back seems like a "...
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0answers
382 views

Origin of kata-guruma?

In an interview with Torahei Ochiai in the 1920's, Jigoro Kano states that he adopted kata-guruma from wrestling's fireman's carry.1 However, the Kodokan Judo Throwing Techniques book posits a ...
6
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2answers
119 views

Was grappling actually underappreciated in the USA before the UFC?

A narrative I commonly see is that grappling was only widely appreciated in America due to the success of Gracie Jiujitsu in the first few UFCs of the 1990s. Supposedly, people expected boxing, ...
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2answers
709 views

What is kubi-nage?

I have occasionally seen a throw called kubi-nage ("neck throw") referenced in Judo. This isn't a Kodokan-recognised name, but the throws I have seen described as it appear to be very similar to koshi-...
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1answer
209 views

Judo techniques with their origin in BJJ?

Are there any techniques developed independently in BJJ since it branched off from judo which have hence been incorporated into Judo to success? E.g. a novel type of armlock/strangle/pin, a non-...
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3answers
372 views

Under which Chinese teacher did Tang Soo Do's founder (Hwang Kee) study?

Wikipedia mentions the name as Yang Kuk Jin. I assume that this is some member of the Yang-style taichi. The best family tree I've been able to find for that is here: But I don't see any cognates of ...
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6answers
14k views

Why is a gi worn left side over right?

I know the proper way to put on your gi is to put the left side over the right side, but why is this? Where did this custom come from? I think it applies to all martial arts (at least I know it does ...
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1answer
63 views

What is the primary technique of Wudang sword?

Wudang sword is famed in China and has been preserved as an extant practice since swordfighting days. But when I watch web videos on the art, I sometimes get unreliable information about what it ...
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0answers
264 views

Origin of kawazu-gake?

There have been multiple proposed etymologies for the judo throw kawazu-gake (河津掛): Named after a famed sumo wrestler, Kawazu Saburo Sukeyasu Named after "frog" (蛙 old japanese kawazu, ...
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3answers
3k views

What Level Of Expertise Did Theodore Roosevelt Have In Judo?

During his tenure as president, Theodore Roosevelt held a third-degree brown belt in Judo (according to Wikipedia). I know that in standard ranking systems, a third-degree brown belt is just below ...
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0answers
37 views

Was Gozo Shioda influenced by Kimura & Oyama?

I ask because my understanding is that Shioda's Yoshinkan school of Aikido was considered controversial in that it recognized the brutality of combat, when one is fighting for one's life, and ...
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2answers
382 views

Norwegian/Germanic martial arts forms

I've always heard of Chinese/Asian-based martial arts but never about Norwegian/Germanic martial arts. Does this kind of martial arts exist and if so, what are its defining features? Thanks!
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1answer
253 views

How has BJJ innovated since diverging from Judo?

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu has its roots in early 20th century Judo, but has developed independently as a distinct martial art focused on groundwork in the century since then. It maintains a number of ...
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6answers
5k views

Does anyone actually fight with two katana simultaneously?

Most of us are familiar with the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. Leonardo fights with two katana, one in each hand. In every other movie I have ever seen in which katana appear, they are treated as a ...
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2answers
1k views

Why are punches to the head prohibited in some Eastern striking martial arts?

Some eastern martial arts (such as karate, taekwondo) prohibit straight boxing-style strikes/punches to the head in their sports rules: A punch that makes strong contact with the opponent's hogu ...
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1answer
521 views

Was Bujinkan Ninjutsu practiced by ninjas in feudal Japan?

I have been quite a fan of Bujinkan Ninjutsu for a while now and in fact, been researching quite a lot about Ninjutsu and its history. Unfortunately, as I started researching more into Ninjutsu, I ...
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1answer
514 views

What sort of throws are illegal in Muay Thai and why?

I started to watch Muay Thai recently, and something I can't really wrap my head around is exactly what throws are illegal. Muay Thai abstains from many throws and takedowns you'd find in grappling ...
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3answers
757 views

Why should "Oss" be used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?

Disclaimer: this is a potentially subjective question, so I'm looking for answers to "why" with references. What is your experience and historical understanding of the use of the word? I've moved to ...
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1answer
201 views

Glima and Greco-Roman wrestling cross pollination

Glima is a wresting Scandinavian martial art dating back to Viking times. Greco-Roman wrestling should be well known. Vikings were known to associate with the Roman Empire -- see the Varangians. Is ...
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2answers
3k views

What are the physical requirements for Sumo wrestlers? No exposing six-packs?

Having seen many pictures of Sumo wrestlers on the web, I have not found ones who expose their six-packs or ones who have appearance as follows. Most of them look like the following. Questions ...
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0answers
169 views

Why are Judo's Seiryoku Zen'yo Kokumin Taiiku exercises seldomly practiced?

In Kodokan Judo by Jigoro Kano (the founder of judo), chapter 19 Seiryoku Zen'yo Kokumin Taiiku contains a catalogue of individual striking exercises called Tandoku Renshu and partner exercises called ...
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1answer
104 views

Why is judo's Katame-no-Kata so free-form relative to Nage-no-Kata?

The first two kata taught in judo are Nage no Kata (throwing forms) and Katame no Kata (grappling forms). Here is also a second Katame no Kata video with different escapes for the first pin kuzure ...
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6answers
1k views

Is modern martial arts effectiveness intentionally reduced?

Reading the "Taekwondo Grappling Techniques" book (Dr. Tony Kemerly and Steve Snyder, Tuttle Publishing, 2009), the first chapter provides an interesting overview of Taekwondo history, and the ...
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0answers
340 views

Is there a martial arts manuscript/record or technique using a glaive while on horseback?

As the title states, I want to know if there is a martial arts technique with a manuscript record (preferably in English with an image or a video explanation) that uses a glaive type sword while on ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Etymology of Yama-Arashi?

Most1 Kodokan judo techniques are named in a somewhat systematised way, describing the major visual/mechanical components of the technique (e.g. koshi-guruma "hip wheel", o-soto-gari "major outer reap"...
2
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1answer
468 views

Etymology of Tsubame-gaeshi?

Why is tsubame-gaeshi ("swallow reversal") thus named? Wouldn't it have been more natural to name it deashi-gaeshi in line with the other kaeshi counter-throws?* * Osoto-gaeshi, ouchi-gaeshi, uchi-...
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3answers
2k views

Was the Southern Shaolin Temple real and if so which location is valid?

We may never know the definitive answer to this one, but was hoping someone could shed some light in terms of educated opinions and/or factual evidence that points in a certain direction. Here's ...
5
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1answer
118 views

Did Samurai armour have flexible joints?

What type of armour was common for samurai? I would like to know if the armour had flexible joints versus totally flexible joints. I suppose the flexible joint armour came afterwards. To me some ...
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3answers
444 views

Have any Kung Fu styles established a formal connection to the Shaolin Temple?

I often see martial arts schools claiming to be "Shaolin" in some way or another. As far as I know, though, that claim doesn't necessarily mean they are connected to the temple. Where can I find a ...
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7answers
3k views

Does Krav Maga have any roots in Aikido?

Looking at this video, it seems that Krav Maga has a lot in common with Aikido, suprisingly! A lot of the techniques demonstrated here seem to be from Aikido, and also, the keikogi is almost identical....
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1answer
430 views

What martial arts are part of Kuk Sool Won?

I started taking Kuk Sool Won a few weeks ago. Kuk Sool Won is a Korean martial art that is basically a collection of older, traditional Korean martial arts. I found out about it because it is the art ...
2
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1answer
237 views

What is "Tengu-nage"?

Famous judoka Yokoyama Sakujirō was known by the nickname Tengu, and his tokui-waza was hence named tengu-nage: Yokoyama's specialty was tengu-nage ("mountain-devil throw"), said to be nearly on a ...
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3answers
30k views

What do the colors of Gi in Jiu-Jitsu mean? Which should I get?

I was thinking of taking up Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and my local gym offers the Gi in white, blue, or black. What are the advantages of each? Does black/blue stay looking cleaner with use? Or perhaps ...
6
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2answers
515 views

What's the name of this sweep and where did it originate?

Here is a description of the sweep: Attacker is in a sitting position, holding the opponent in guard, possibly, but not necessarily controlling the opponent's hands and preventing the opponent from ...
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0answers
169 views

Is there a legitimate fighting technique using dual sword on horse?

My question comes from this video(link provided below). I am not convinced that the person in the video who used dual swords on a horse to cut some tatami was faking it or not, but I ask anyway ...
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1answer
104 views

How has Kodokan technique classification changed over the years?

Over the years several new techniques have been added to the Kodokan judo syllabus, and some variants of existing techniques have since gained their own official names. How has technique ...
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2answers
164 views

Did Jujutsu invent the Heimlich Manoeuvre? If so, when?

I have seen a couple of texts referring to what appears to be the Heimlich Manoeuvre among the methods of resuscitation* taught in some schools of jujutsu (and consequently, judo). What is surprising ...
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2answers
364 views

Is the Biceps Slicer a legal technique in judo?

There are a number of compression locks in grappling, which function with tori placing a limb (acting as a fulcrum) in the crook of one of uke's joints, and applying pressure to flex the joint over ...
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2answers
126 views

Did Jigoro Kano invent the concept of Kuzushi in judo?

It is oft claimed that one of the distinguishing points between Kano's Judo and the schools of Jujutsu that came before was that he introduced the concept of kuzushi ("balance breaking") ...
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2answers
233 views

What style(s) of Jujitsu did Jigoro Kano study?

I have read that in Japan there was a general system called jujitsu. However there were hundreds of branches of jujitsu. Most samurai were trained in different branches of jujitsu. Basically any ...