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Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about words, phrases and definitions that are specific to martial arts.

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Heel Hook Head Kick in Karate or Taekwondo

Whats the name of this Kick in Karate or Taekwondo? Chris Leben called this the "Heel Hook Head Kick". However, he does it with the right outside of the heel foot, instead of the inside. ...
mattsmith5's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
120 views

Name of two stances and their weight distribution

Beomseogi An official video mentions the name of Beomseogi when the right foot is in front as Oreun Beomseogi. Also, in other times of the video, the naming is consistent: Right foot is front: Oreun ...
Megidd's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
232 views

What is the origin of the kick name, "Chikyo Chagi"?

Related to Alternative name for downward kick?, what is the origin of the kick name, "Chikyo Chagi" (possibly 치쿄 차기)? Is it named after the Chikyō-dō region? Does it come from the Japanese ...
Macaco Branco's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
142 views

Are the names of the timing of counters eg Tai-no-Sen, Go-no-Sen used in martial arts other than Shorinji Kempo?

In Shorinji Kempo instruction we are often told to practice a counter with a specific timing. These timings are named as follows: go-no-sen, block and then counter attack, (usually requires ...
Huw Evans's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
115 views

Alternative name for downward kick?

My WT dojang uses a different name for the downward kick (axe kick, hammer kick). Instead of naeryeo chagi (내려차기), we say something that to my Spanish-speaking brain sounds like chiko chagi. I've ...
TauEpsilonChi's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
463 views

What is a "drop" seoi-nage?

In competition judo people often talk of a "drop" seoi-nage. How is this different from a seoi-otoshi?
brazofuerte's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
190 views

How is "front" uchi-mata (Yagura-nage) classified?

There is a competition throw in judo which resembles: an uchi-mata lifting with the front of the thigh, or equivalently an obi-tori-gaeshi where you continue the turn after lifting (as opposed to ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
128 views

Is there an existing name for this hook-sword-like shortsword design?

I was looking to add this premise of a weapon for a character I'm writing. I remembered this style existed in Breath of the Wild as an Eightfold Blade. While it does have a hilt, it is only a very ...
froggodoggo's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
63 views

What is the difference between retzev and a combo?

The concept of retzev (in krav maga) is kind of vague to me at the moment, and I'm wondering if there is a difference between retzev and a normal trained combo (in other martial arts). Is it that the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
889 views

What is a "reverse" seoi-nage?

The IJF recently banned "reverse" seoi-nage in competition, due to the difficulty of breakfalling safely. But how exactly is a reverse seoi-nage defined? What variants are/aren't legal?
brazofuerte's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
2k views

Difference between renraku-waza and renzoku-waza

Judo has a lot of terms inherited from Japanese. Two such are renraku- and renzoku-waza. In the BJA syllabus these are translated as: Renzoku-waza is the Japanese terminology for combinations of ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
81 views

Why do so many Japanese Martial Arts have a (different) technique called tsubame gaeshi?

Japanese sword forms, Judo and Shorinji Kempo all have a technique called Tsubame Gaeshi (which roughly translates to swallow counter). Why is the phrase Tsubame Gaeshi considered sufficiently ...
Huw Evans's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
280 views

Why is it called Truck Attack?

Why is this attack called Truck Attack/Position in BJJ?
Avi's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
738 views

What is the difference between Uchi-Mata and Hane-Goshi?

Classical uchi-mata involves reaping uke's back leg up and twisting them over their grounded off-balanced leg. However a common competition variant involves loading uke on tori's waist and reaping ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
111 views

Non-kodokan throws in the BJA syllabus?

The BJA syllabus lists a number of non-kodokan names for throws. Some of them are clearly names for common competition variants,1 but some I have never heard of e.g. ashi-dori, which looks to me like ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
87 views

What is the technical name for this movement performed by Master Wong in Birth of the Dragon?

I recently watched Birth of the Dragon on Netflix, and absolutely loved it. However, one particular movement caught my eye above all others, simply for the overwhelming appearance that something ...
Hazel へいぜる's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
774 views

What does it mean to "eat bitter" in Chinese gongfu

This is an old Chinese idiom, but it seems to have a special importance in Chinese martial arts, where it might be said to be a central maxim. Essentially, some form of: "To get good gongfu, ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
304 views

What is the difference between a sword and a knife? Which are machetes?

I've gotten interested in the metallurgy of blades, and been watching a lot of early Forged in Fire. It's interesting to see basic applications with different blades by people who handle a lot of ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
568 views

Meaning of the Chinese Sifu? (Shifu)

I ask because it is commonly regarded as having the exact sense of Sensei, of Master, or Teacher, but these don't convey the full meaning. Sensei, for instance, shares the same characters as the ...
DukeZhou's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
191 views

What does "create a frame" mean?

I've seen "create a frame" on many martial arts websites, but what does this signify? The Tripod Position: A Tool to Help Any Athlete Move Better | Breaking Muscle The working concept is ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
166 views

What is the meaning of the pseudonym Eui-Am in TaeKwon-Do?

I have been searching for the meaning of the pseudonym Eui-Am. I know the definition, but what does it mean. This is the most I can find "The Taekwondo pattern Eui-Am was named in honor of Son ...
martzjc's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
3k views

Who are Tori and Uke?

Many questions about aikido and judo refer to partners as Tori and Uke. The name of a throw where the tori starts from a headlock Etymology and meaning of ukemi Name this technique against Chudan ...
mattm's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
317 views

Is the 'sticker' a kosoto-gake, or de-ashi-barai?

There is a foot-sweep technique in Judo known as "the sticker", 1 2 3 4 5 though it is variously described as a variant of kosoto-gari / gake, and de-ashi-barai. How does the Kodokan classify this ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
172 views

Naming system of Judo techniques

Is there a system to the way judo techniques are named? Many techniques seem to share components of names (harai, guruma, gaeshi etc) - is there a standard uniform way these words should be ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
236 views

What is "momo-guruma"?

What kind of judo throw is momo-guruma? It doesn't appear to be recognised by the Kodokan by this name, how is it performed and/or classified?
brazofuerte's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
918 views

Etymology of Tsubame-gaeshi?

Why is tsubame-gaeshi ("swallow reversal") thus named? Wouldn't it have been more natural to name it deashi-gaeshi in line with the other kaeshi counter-throws?* * Osoto-gaeshi, ouchi-gaeshi, uchi-...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,212
2 votes
1 answer
494 views

What is "Tengu-nage"?

Famous judoka Yokoyama Sakujirō was known by the nickname Tengu, and his tokui-waza was hence named tengu-nage: Yokoyama's specialty was tengu-nage ("mountain-devil throw"), said to be nearly on a ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
190 views

Etymology of Yama-Arashi?

Most1 Kodokan judo techniques are named in a somewhat systematised way, describing the major visual/mechanical components of the technique (e.g. koshi-guruma "hip wheel", o-soto-gari "major outer reap"...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
911 views

What is Uki-gatame?

In 2017 the Kodokan recognised 3 new osaekomi-waza classifications: Osaekomi-waza Notes ura-gatame Historically has referred to multiple pins, but in modern use refers to a hold with tori's back to ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,212
4 votes
2 answers
491 views

Is there a specific name for a downward-smashing roundhouse kick in Capoeira or other arts?

I can provide a descriptive image if necessary, but it seems reasonably evident to me. Normally, roundhouse kicks deliver a more lateral blow, generally striking and then pulling the leg back whether ...
Macaco Branco's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is kubi-nage?

I have occasionally seen a throw called kubi-nage ("neck throw") referenced in Judo. This isn't a Kodokan-recognised name, but the throws I have seen described as it appear to be very similar to koshi-...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,212
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the difference between a choke and a strangle?

In martial arts which permit submissions, a distinction is sometimes made between "chokes" and "strangles", however in my experience these terms are not used consistently. What is the difference ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,212
3 votes
1 answer
302 views

What is a "shoulder lock" in Judo terminology?

In a judo context, "elbow-lock" has a broader definition than in other martial arts, referring to both armbars and bent-arm rotational locks (since both manipulate the elbow joint for effect, ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,212
3 votes
1 answer
186 views

Why is a "scarf hold" so-named if you don't wrap around the opponent's neck (like a scarf)?

Judo's kesa-gatame is often translated as "scarf hold", but the technique is defined by wrapping your arms and upper body around uke's neck and arm, more like a seatbelt, as opposed to wrapping around ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,212
3 votes
3 answers
640 views

How is "Tai Chi Chuan" pronounced in Cantonese?

In the "lost interview" of Bruce Lee with Pierre Berton (1971) he says "Tai Chi Chuan" is Mandarin, but I don't fully get the Cantonese version when he tells it. I hear "Tai te kuen" ... but I'm not ...
YesThatIsMyName's user avatar
8 votes
1 answer
503 views

Origin of kawazu-gake?

There have been multiple proposed etymologies for the judo throw kawazu-gake (河津掛): Named after a famed sumo wrestler, Kawazu Saburo Sukeyasu Named after "frog" (蛙 old japanese kawazu, ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
941 views

Why is the first dan called shodan, as opposed to ichidan?

Subsequent dan grades in judo are named numerically nidan (二段), sandan (三段) etc, but the first grade is called shodan (初段) "beginning grade". Is there a particular reason for this as opposed to the ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the difference between kosoto-gari and kosoto-gake?

Kosoto-gari and kosoto-gake are superficially similar techniques. I have seen many high level judoka call what I would have called -gari -gake and vice versa - what distinguishes these techniques?
brazofuerte's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
651 views

Etymology of tomoe-nage?

Tomoe-nage is often translated as "stomach throw" or "circle throw", but these are not direct translations. What does tomoe mean, and why is the throw called this?
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,212
3 votes
1 answer
995 views

What does "smash" mean in BJJ?

What does the term "smash" mean in a BJJ context? Examples: I had to get beaten up by better guys to get good and the current whitebelts deserve to get smashed too. The upper belts I rolled ...
mattm's user avatar
  • 14.4k
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

De-ashi-harai or De-ashi-barai?

I have seen 出足払 ("advancing foot sweep") written two ways by the Kodokan, with the 払 part transcribed as 'harai' (は)1 or 'barai' (ば).2 3 How is the name of this technique pronounced in Japanese? With ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,212
4 votes
1 answer
351 views

How are armlocks categorised in Judo?

I had always thought that the distinction between ude-garami and ude-hishigi-...-gatame was that the former referred to bent arm figure-four elbow/shoulder locks and the latter referred to armbars (...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,212
5 votes
1 answer
324 views

Is there a canonical resource for the classification of Judo mat techniques?

For throws, I use Toshiro Daigo's book Kodokan Judo Throwing Techniques published by Kodanasha International, Tokyo 2005. It specifically addresses some of the arcane points of Kodokan classification ...
mattm's user avatar
  • 14.4k
8 votes
6 answers
750 views

Kiai, the Hara and Dantian (etymology and philosophy)

I'm trying to figure out what, precisely, Kiai means. I've done some reading, and am aware that the Kiai is supposed to come from the Hara, or Dantian - the stomach area. Literally Kiai, means 'join ...
David Marmaduke Williams's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
546 views

Difference between wrestling and grappling

Many times, when my sensei teaches me a technique, he takes reference from either wrestling or grappling. I always thought the two are different terms for the same art until the master told me that it'...
The Apache's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
1k views

Is there any specific name for a move when a fighter dodges their opponent's punch and counter-punches at the same time?

Another question for move names, sorry. This time I've failed to Google up / Wikipedia up a name for a move when a fighter dodges and counter-strikes at the same time. I know there is such a thing ...
gaazkam's user avatar
  • 421
2 votes
4 answers
178 views

Is there any move (push?) in combat sports that hits an opponent and increases the distance to the opponent, while not throwing them to the ground?

I think pushing an opponent strongly is what I look for? But while Wikipedia has an extensive article about throws, I can find little about pushes wrt combat sports. Maybe pushes are so impractical ...
gaazkam's user avatar
  • 421
5 votes
3 answers
489 views

Sandan meaning in Taekwon do

I found my dad's certificate which says "Sandan" on it. What does that mean? Is it a 3rd degree Black Belt?
JULIE IANELLO's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
289 views

standing and crouching posture name in Aikido

I'm trying to remember the specific Japanese name of a common posture/stretch I used and heard of in Aikido during training and warming-up. Basically it was called by our sensei "standing and ...
dungeoncrawler's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
161 views

What is the name of the postition with the leg retracted (in japanese)?

Recently my karate teacher told us to find out the name of the position (or it might have been the act of retracting your leg after a kick - I can't remember) when you retract your leg after a kick. ...
beannshie's user avatar