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20

See the translation of Taekwondo entry in Japanese Wikipedia. According to this article, in 1940s during the Japanese rule of Korean Peninsula, Karate (空手) was taking hold under the name Kongsoodo (공수도, 空手道) and Tangsoodo (당수도, 唐手道). To backtrack on these namings, we need to understand the origin of Karate. Sakukawa Kanga (佐久川寛賀) from Ryukyu Kingdom (today'...


18

The claim From Kalaripayattu Bangalore's website: Marmas are the specific points in the body where the application of pressure or insertion of needles (Bhedan karma) will effect the flow of vital energy or Prana along a complex system of subtle channels calls Naadis. A knowledge of such specific points is called Marma Shastra. Marmam has three divisions ...


14

Earliest examples of wrestling Wrestling has been a part of most societies since time-immemorial: Fresco in tomb 15 at Beni Hasan, Egypt ca. 2,000 BC. The earliest known historical European descriptions of wrestling techniques are from classical antiquity: Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 466 (c. 200 CE, Greece). And the earliest known manuals are from Chinese classics: ...


13

Sorry I'm not able to give a more academic answer to your question. As a former black belt in TKD and a bit of a martial arts history buff, I took an interest in this question myself at one point in my past. Here are my observations and thoughts on the matter. Taekwondo forms used to be entirely from Shotokan karate. This comes about because many Koreans ...


12

White shows blood best, which is practical on the mat. You want to know if you or your partner has a cut or scrape. However, women recommend keeping a black gi to train in during your period (1, 2). Bleach is a non-factor because it weakens the fabric and will cause premature gi death by ripping. Blue and black look slightly more clean and sharp in more ...


11

Interesting... I very much like @DaveLiepmann's answer, and agree with his message if not always his way of saying it. I do want to expand a little on it. Reality vs. Non-Reality Without getting into hundreds of years (Possibly thousands) of philosophical debate on what is and what is not real, let's consider Objective vs. Subjective reality. For something ...


10

I've only started practicing Payattu*, and the students did try to convince me that such a technique exists. Of course there is no way laws of physics can be bent in such a manner, this technique is a myth. I did try to find out where these stories came from. First you have to understand that Payattu is thousands of years old (9th century CE). This ...


10

You're describing the knee push variation of "Scissor Sweep." It's very common in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu. There are two main ways to do it from full guard. Both involve getting control of one arm in either double wrist control, or arm drag position. For the sake of this example we'll say you have their right arm. Method 1: Classic Scissor Sweep While keeping ...


9

A third degree brown belt is the lowest level of brown belt, not the highest, and is thus the furthest from black belt. A black belt does also not denote an understanding of all the tenets of judo. A third-degree brown belt means that you're not a total novice to the art. Sometimes it means even less. Teddy Roosevelt was a tough guy who liked many combat ...


9

Roosevelt's Judo experience Roosevelt trained judo under two instructors (John O'Brien, and Yoshiaki Yamashita) for a period of around a few months each in 1902 and 1904. He maintained an interest in the art after this, corresponding and reading on it, and may have continued to sporadically train with wrestling partners, but by his own autobiography's ...


9

According to Wikipedia's Martial Arts Timeline the oldest martial art identified is Ancient Egyptian. There are murals in the Beni Hasan tomb depicting wrestling that date back to 20th Century BCE. If you want the very first martial art, that's probably going to be "pointy stick". That Wikipedia link is pretty good. It shows approximate dates of ...


8

Similar to Sardathrion's answer the definition on Wikipedia is Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a variety of reasons: self-defense, competition, physical health and fitness, entertainment, as well as mental, physical, and spiritual development. I and several members of the MA project there ...


8

I have not found a definitive answer for where the story originates, although I'm under the impression that it actually began in Zen Buddhism as a sort of a koan: Zen teachers often tell the story of a young monk who asked a Zen master: “How long will it take me to attain enlightenment?” The master thought for a few moments and replied: “About ten years.” ...


8

Obviously, the sourcing is kind of messy, but considering Hal Sharp used to actually be in personal contact with this man, a video of his will have to suffice for validation. Yoshimi Osawa, 10th Dan, said, "There are three types of judoka, Recreational.. practices for enjoyment. Technical.. studies, practices, and teaches most of their life ...


8

Judo's initial innovations were not in techniques, but in the manner of training them. Randori Kano emphasized the use of randori (free practice) in training. This contrasted with many jujutsu schools that focused on kata, or prearranged exercises. The tradeoff is that more dangerous techniques such as striking were removed from randori; these remain in ...


7

This is about the Bodhidharma Shaolin Kung Fu myth. There is no legitimate evidence for Kung Fu or Shaolin Kung Fu coming from India or Kalari being the oldest martial art or first martial art in the world and wrestling(for example in cave paintings in Mongolia), grappling, stone chinese swords were there in prehistoric times. Bodhidhadharma taught ...


7

Traditional Kung Fu doesn't have colored sashes, as they traditionally had the sole purpose of holding up the pants. For the most part, colored sashes are a Japanification of the ranking systems. Rank in traditional Kung Fu also doesn't follow the same general pattern as Japanese arts either, as titles are familial based, not rank based (sidi = younger ...


7

Fake professional wrestling grew out of one of the oldest martial arts tradition: the challenge match. Chinese martial artists sometimes fought on the lei tai to establish dominance over teach martial arts in an area: ...and it was common in feudal Japan for students of one school to invade another school and demand a match. Fighting is at the heart of ...


7

The book of five rings, written by Miyamoto Musashi around 1645, advocates two-sword fencing style (nitōjutsu): that is, wielding both katana and wakizashi. He does, however, states that you should use two long swords while training!!


7

For oldest, please refer to What is the oldest documented Eastern Martial Art that is still practiced? and What is the oldest martial art?. Also see What qualifies a school or business as a legitimate martial arts system? In general, there is no formal certification or approval process for martial arts. There may be rank systems within an art like karate or ...


7

I totally agree on the pedantry stuff, and i think that it is really depending on what each person thinks about it. For me, a kind of Martial Art has a tradition, a specific form or style or is following certain rules. I believe that there is also some kind of beauty in those 'Arts'... I personally would even go further and divide Martial Arts and Combat ...


7

Short Answer: No. Longer Answer: When and where have there not been martial arts? Individual styles and schools all have their own creation stories. And they can generally be ties to historical events or people. But there has never been a vacuum. As long as there has been fighting, people have created some form of training environment where mistakes could ...


7

TL;DR Mass is one of the most important aspects of winning sumo bouts. More detail The most prominent physical requirement, at least in Japanese sumo, is height. In 1994, the Japanese Sumo Association required that all sumo wrestlers be a minimum 1.73 m (5'8") in height. Past that, there is no weight class. Since the other rules, such as prohibiting a ...


7

NO. In Meir Shahar's The Shaolin Monastery: History, Religion, and the Chinese Martial Arts, there is a whole chapter (number six) dedicated to that topic. It basically debunks this (with reference to studies and historical sources) as a myth that had been raised as late as the 17th century and later. The conclusion ends as follows: The seventeenth-century ...


7

If 1849 is recent enough, there's the Manual del Baratero. I've only found a partial translation available for free, but there are a few ones for sale such as this one. Excerpt from the free online translation: The instruction for wielding the navaja is divided into four parts. The first part contains lessons on the characteristics of the weapon and its ...


7

You may be considering one aspect of the story of the match between Helio and Masahiko Kimura. Kimura identified Helio as being a 6th dan in Judo in his biography and some accounts describe it as him having accorded that rank after the match. Robert Hill, in his book, World of Martial Arts, states that Helio's official ranking was only 3rd dan, but also ...


7

Leg-locks were banned shortly after an 1899 exhibition match in Kyoto (held before Emperor Taishō) between Kodokan 3rd dan Yuji Hirooka and Fusen-ryū master Mataemon Tanabe. During the match Tanabe performed a throw and subsequently applied a leg-lock, breaking Hirooka's leg. At the next meeting of the Butoku Kai that year, Kano proposed banning leg-locks ...


7

Kano's memoirs describe his jujutsu training. Tenjin Shinyo Ryu under Hachinosuke Fukuda and Masatomo Iso Kito Ryu under Tsunetoshi Iikubo the Kito style was very different from the Tenjin Shinyo style jujutsu to which I had by then become well-accustomed. In Tenjin Shinyo, there are a range of strangulation techniques and groundwork hold-downs. On the ...


7

I think it's important to make a distinction between "someone, somewhere in the Judo community has used this at some point" and "this is widely known and used in mainstream or competition Judo". There have been Judo practitioners and training groups that focused heavily on groundwork - in particular, the Kosen Judo substyle. Just through convergent evolution,...


6

It is borrowed/taken from various other arts (rifle/bayonet, spear(yari), and specific jo arts) with the founder of Aikido then blending/creating his "Aiki jo" art. Stan Pranin of Aikido Journal (formerly AikiNews) has written: The exact origins of the Aiki Jo remain somewhat of a mystery. Some have found traces of Morihei Ueshiba’s jo movements in the ...


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