15 votes

Ju-jutsu vs Jiu-jitsu?

"Ju-jutsu" and "jiu-jitsu" are different romanizations of the same Japanese word(s) 柔術. This is analogous to how we have both "Qur'an" and "Koran" from the ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152
12 votes
Accepted

De-ashi-harai or De-ashi-barai?

In Japanese, some6 initial consonants become voiced when they occur internal to some5 compound words, e.g: (unvoiced) (voiced) kimono judo-gi koshi-guruma o-goshi katame-waza kesa-gatame shime-...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152
9 votes
Accepted

What is "Direct Penetration" from The Book of Five Rings book of Water?

The following translations (by Victor Harris and Thomas Cleary) instead translate the phrase as "Direct Communication": The spirit of "Direct Communication" is how the true Way of ...
Macaco Branco's user avatar
7 votes

Who are Tori and Uke?

Tori and Uke are roles defined relative to a technique. These terms quickly indicate who is doing what. Tori is the performer of the technique. Uke is the receiver of the technique. Take the ...
mattm's user avatar
  • 14.3k
5 votes

Origin of kawazu-gake?

First of all, as a disclaimer, it does happen that experts will disagree with each other and that no consensus is reached on what the definitive answer is. That being said, this is typically because ...
Jenny's user avatar
  • 956
5 votes
Accepted

Etymology of tomoe-nage?

Tomoe (巴) refers to a circular anti-symmetric symbol commonly found in Japanese heraldry. The usage in the judo throw specifically refers to the two-tailed version, futatsu-domoe: This is very ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152
5 votes
Accepted

Why is a "scarf hold" so-named if you don't wrap around the opponent's neck (like a scarf)?

When translating foreign technique names, sometimes there isn't a perfect analogue in the target language e.g. "tomoe" in tomoe-nage translated as 'circle'. The "kesa" (袈裟) in kesa-...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152
5 votes

Who are Tori and Uke?

The literal translations...Tori = attacker/performer Uke= reciever are used completely differently across different martial arts. In shorinji kempo Tori is always the 'attacker' and Uke is always the '...
Huw Evans's user avatar
  • 3,400
5 votes

Difference between renraku-waza and renzoku-waza

The Kodokan has expressed similar thoughts: In parallel, there were request and discussions for the unification and explanation of Judo terms. Terms casually used such as Uchi-komi, Kakari-renshu, ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152
4 votes

Why is osoto guruma named osoto "guruma"?

Well, technically 'Guruma' implies a 'rotation', so like in Ashi Guruma in Osoto Guruma you're not just reaping two legs, you're leading your opponent towards a rotating movement around your leg, just ...
Corrado's user avatar
  • 171
4 votes

What is the name of the postition with the leg retracted (in japanese)?

引き /hiki/ meaning "pulling; drawing back" might fit, though it doesn't begin with w.
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152
4 votes

Why should "Oss" be used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?

In my BJJ school, we said, "Oss!" with a bow to the teacher and moved our elbows backwards with fists clenched to signify readiness to move on to practice the move after instruction. It's a cool way ...
thatgirlisfunny's user avatar
4 votes

Why should "Oss" be used in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?

I'm Brazilian and a purple belt in BJJ. What I would say it that it's about experience and some reading. "Oss" or "Ossu" its a Japanese word meaning understood or agreed. The history of Brazilian Jiu-...
A Neto's user avatar
  • 141
4 votes

Is shaking hands after a judo competition bad etiquette in Japan?

I feel that this question can be split in two sub-questions: Is shaking hands bad etiquette in Japan? Does this apply to (Japanese) Judo? While I have trained in Judo for a few years, my best ...
Dungarth's user avatar
  • 2,225
4 votes

Naming system of Judo techniques

The Kodokan New Japanese-English Dictionary of Judo has entries on most verbs used in technique names: Word Definition Examples haneru (to spring/jump) A situation in which the powerful effect of a ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152
4 votes

Who are Tori and Uke?

Adding to mattm's answer, in addition to Tori ("taker") for the attacker, Aikido also uses Nage (thrower) or Shite ("performing hand"). Other styles, such as Karate and Kendo, may ...
Macaco Branco's user avatar
3 votes

Which style to cross train with Southern Mantis Kung Fu?

I think this comes down to a question about what you really want. Do you want to really understand grappling, or do you want to be shown how to see the grappling within what you've already learned ...
Steve Weigand's user avatar
3 votes

Did Samurai armour have flexible joints?

Samurai is a rather large class ranging from foot solders to the Shogun. All wore different armours. Your question spans around a thousand years of history. So, generally speaking… A few armours have ...
Sardathrion - against SE abuse's user avatar
3 votes
Accepted

What is the etymology and meaning of Oss?

Oss is... Also known as Osu or Ossu (オッス) The Meaning of Oss good morning (additional reference) persevering when pushed to push and to suffer1 to keep the faith1 the equivalent of a warm-...
jacefarm's user avatar
  • 392
3 votes

Why is osoto guruma named osoto "guruma"?

Guruma refers to the rotation of uke's body around tori's leg: Difference between osoto-guruma and osoto-otoshi These techniques are very similar. Their fundamental differences are therefore ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152
2 votes

Kendô, iaidô, jôdô, battodô, chanbara... Which one should I pick?

Don't discount Kendo yet! The shinai was created to reduce the risk of injuries during the practice of swordsmanship. Combined with the bogu, it allows for semi-realistic combat practice. While I'll ...
Dungarth's user avatar
  • 2,225
2 votes

Left handed Japanese sword techniques

FALSE! Yagyu Shinkage Ryu's living traditions do practice left-handed techniques with the katana, including left-handed iai. In addition, the historical mokuroku/technique catalogues of the Yagyu ...
JZBai's user avatar
  • 303
2 votes

Etymology and meaning of ukemi

Here is how the relevant terms are defined in the Kodokan New Japanese-English Dictionary of Judo: uke ("receiver"; the thrown; uke) The person who receives a technique during repetition (...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152
2 votes

Why is osoto guruma named osoto "guruma"?

The Kodokan now publishes short videos explaining the differences between techniques. Here is the difference between O-soto-gari and O-soto-otoshi and O-soto-guruma:
Bodo Manthey's user avatar
2 votes

What is the etymology and meaning of Oss?

We don't use the phrase in my school, Karate or Aikido. But I know of some who do; and not being a part of them, I admit ignorance on the subject. However, this article might be helpful: The ...
Andrew Jay's user avatar
  • 4,077
2 votes

Kendô, iaidô, jôdô, battodô, chanbara... Which one should I pick?

See if you find a dojo practicing the Nishio school of Aikido. They place a lot of focus on katana and stick fighting... https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=nishio+aikido As you can see, ...
AnoE's user avatar
  • 336
2 votes
Accepted

standing and crouching posture name in Aikido

There are several possible terminologies, depending on the lingua franca of your dojo. Here are a few possibilities: Direct terms: Kiba dachi suburi (squats) Kiza (a form of squat) Possible ...
Andrew Jay's user avatar
  • 4,077
2 votes

standing and crouching posture name in Aikido

The warming-up exercises in Aikido are called generally Aiki-Taiso. I couldn't find a specific name for the movement you described, but it is the last part of Ashi no Taiso, which consists of 7 ...
Endery's user avatar
  • 447
2 votes

Why is the first dan called shodan, as opposed to ichidan?

初 can also be pronounced "hatsu", which is used interchangeably to mean "start", "beginning" or "first". For example, hatsutanjō is a baby's "first birthday" and hatsuyuki is the winter's first snow. ...
Dungarth's user avatar
  • 2,225
2 votes

Is shaking hands after a judo competition bad etiquette in Japan?

Some info from the IJF regarding what they consider appropriate bowing etiquette during matches: RESPECT FOR THE FIGHT CEREMONY The ceremony of the bow was formalized by the IJF Education Commission. ...
brazofuerte's user avatar
  • 8,152

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