15

"Ju-jutsu" and "jiu-jitsu" are different romanizations of the same Japanese word(s) 柔術. This is analogous to how we have both "Qur'an" and "Koran" from the Arabic الْقُرْآن‎. 柔術 was historically spelled with hiragana1 2 like so: じうじゆつ Individually these characters are transliterated:3 じ う じ ゆ つ ji u ji yu tsu but ...


12

Disclaimer: I am a judo ikkyu who prefers osotogari but doesn't have an osotoguruma to speak of. I will be using the opinions of more knowledgable judoka to inform this answer. Judo throws are named and grouped by their telltale action. That is, the names are a pedagogical tool to delineate the various body mechanics one can use to throw an opponent. That's ...


12

It's similar to the concept of shaking hands with your right hand. The majority of people are right handed, so when shaking hands you present this hand and clasp to show you do not have weapons. With a sword, a right-handed person draws faster for combat with the sword on the left side of the body. In this example, the draw motion continues directly into ...


12

In Japanese, some6 initial consonants become voiced when they occur internal to some5 compound words, e.g: (unvoiced) (voiced) kimono judo-gi koshi-guruma o-goshi katame-waza kesa-gatame shime-waza hadaka-jime tori kata-ashi-dori hon-kesa-gatamae ippon hasami-jime kani-basami This process is called rendaku, and the conditions under which it applies ...


9

The following translations (by Victor Harris and Thomas Cleary) instead translate the phrase as "Direct Communication": The spirit of "Direct Communication" is how the true Way of the Ni To Ichi school is received and handed down. The corresponding passage in Japanese (possibly modernized Japanese) is: わたしは、勝利に直結するあり方を、わが流派の道としてお伝えします。 ...


7

You've answered your own question. It's etiquette. Right-hand means you don't expect to use your sword. Left-hand means you're ready for action. The Samurai had loads of rules and etiquette to abide by. This code of conduct is called Bushido (the way of the warrior). It's a lot like the Western concept of Chivalry. In modern terms, it would be like carrying ...


7

Tori and Uke are roles defined relative to a technique. These terms quickly indicate who is doing what. Tori is the performer of the technique. Uke is the receiver of the technique. Take the straight punch technique. Tori punches. Uke is punched. Now take a headlock throw counter to a straight punch. In this case, Uke, who receives the headlock throw ...


6

In the text, he explains the origin of this term. And he points out that it's his word, not something the Japanese would say: When I commenced to teach jujitsu in Yokohama, Japan, in every trick I showed how to use the lower abdomen, and how to maneuver opponent's balance. My first pupils were Japanese friends, and lower abdomen to them was shita ...


6

Upon seeing that all the newbies in the class were right-handed, my Kendo sensei told us the following: "I'm sorry everyone but, in Kendo, everyone is left-handed." We really thought it was weird, seeing as the way we had to hold the shinai felt really natural, with the right hand near the tsuba and the left hand at the opposite end of the tsuka. We soon ...


5

If the image below describes the technique accurately, I would say it is because uke's legs form a wheel (or a circle) in the air. However, I have no official source for this.


5

Virmaior at japanese.se answered my question. Here is what he said: Your kanji are correct. 受け身. You can also write it 受身. The general meaning of 受け身, however, is not "receiving body" but "passive." Thus, the passive voice "it is written by him" (vs. active "he writes"). I am not familiar with your martial art, but I would guess that it ...


5

Tomoe (巴) refers to a circular anti-symmetric symbol commonly found in Japanese heraldry. The usage in the judo throw specifically refers to the two-tailed version, futatsu-domoe: This is very similar to the Chinese taijitu ("yin-yang" symbol) ☯, or Korean taegeuk (famously appearing on South Korea's flag) 🇰🇷. Tomoe-nage is named as such because Kano ...


5

When translating foreign technique names, sometimes there isn't a perfect analogue in the target language e.g. "tomoe" in tomoe-nage translated as 'circle'. The "kesa" (袈裟) in kesa-gatame in fact refers to a type of buddhist robe, the Kāṣāya. While historically it was worn covering both shoulders, in current Japanese Buddhist style it is wrapped across the ...


5

The literal translations...Tori = attacker/performer Uke= reciever are used completely differently across different martial arts. In shorinji kempo Tori is always the 'attacker' and Uke is always the 'defender'. In aikido Tori is the performer of the technique and Uke is the receiver of the technique. So a SK kenshi and an Aikidoka will see the same ...


4

Well, technically 'Guruma' implies a 'rotation', so like in Ashi Guruma in Osoto Guruma you're not just reaping two legs, you're leading your opponent towards a rotating movement around your leg, just like Ashi Guruma. Wheel just indicates the rotation this technique implies. The difference between Osoto Guruma and Osoto Gari, if you will is similar to the ...


4

In my BJJ school, we said, "Oss!" with a bow to the teacher and moved our elbows backwards with fists clenched to signify readiness to move on to practice the move after instruction. It's a cool way to have everyone speak in unison and to signify a shift in the action. I never thought about the origin of the word. Outside of class, I've said "oss!" to ...


4

I'm Brazilian and a purple belt in BJJ. What I would say it that it's about experience and some reading. "Oss" or "Ossu" its a Japanese word meaning understood or agreed. The history of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is quite interesting because of it's being an improvement of a Japanese martial art and it has a lot in common with judo and other Japanese martial arts. ...


4

引き /hiki/ meaning "pulling; drawing back" might fit, though it doesn't begin with w.


4

I feel that this question can be split in two sub-questions: Is shaking hands bad etiquette in Japan? Does this apply to (Japanese) Judo? While I have trained in Judo for a few years, my best insight for this question comes from my current training at a Kyokushin dojo. As such, I feel like I can readily answer (1), but probably not (2). In Kyokushin ...


4

Adding to mattm's answer, in addition to Tori ("taker") for the attacker, Aikido also uses Nage (thrower) or Shite ("performing hand"). Other styles, such as Karate and Kendo, may also refer to the attacker as the Seme ("Attacker"). Uke ("receiver") generally is always used as the term of the person receiving the ...


3

I think this comes down to a question about what you really want. Do you want to really understand grappling, or do you want to be shown how to see the grappling within what you've already learned from kung-fu? If you want to understand grappling, do a style that focuses on grappling. Those styles include, but are not limited to: Brazilian Jiujitsu, Judo, ...


3

Samurai is a rather large class ranging from foot solders to the Shogun. All wore different armours. Your question spans around a thousand years of history. So, generally speaking… A few armours have stiff joints. However, they are specific armours, for example tourney jousting ones. Those are donned for specific tasks and generally require staff to put on ...


3

See if you find a dojo practicing the Nishio school of Aikido. They place a lot of focus on katana and stick fighting... https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=nishio+aikido As you can see, many of the classic Aikido techniques stem from swordfighting; and Nishio placed a lot of focus to show this relationship (much more so than other styles). There ...


3

Oss is... Also known as Osu or Ossu (オッス) The Meaning of Oss good morning (additional reference) persevering when pushed to push and to suffer1 to keep the faith1 the equivalent of a warm-handshake1 hello, yes, or I understand, (additional reference) a greeting used by young Bushi warriors of the Saga clan in the 18th and 19th centuries2 acknowledging an ...


3

Guruma refers to the rotation of uke's body around tori's leg: Difference between osoto-guruma and osoto-otoshi These techniques are very similar. Their fundamental differences are therefore described in the following: Osoto-guruma Tori puts his right leg diagonally across the back of both of uke’s legs (or the left leg), and, using it as the fulcrum, ...


3

From my point of view, o-soto-gari is throwing uke toward his back. You bend Uke's so his weight is on a leg, and you reap that leg. in osotoguruma, your leg act as a pivot, and you rotate him over it. You'll see it done in competition very differently than in practice : you take Uke, and pulls him toward you, and you rotate at the same time. While he ...


3

Miyamoto Mushashi used two swords, one in each hand. I am not sure whether this qualifies as left handed in the sense of your question, but it definitely uses a sword in the left hand.


3

Don't discount Kendo yet! The shinai was created to reduce the risk of injuries during the practice of swordsmanship. Combined with the bogu, it allows for semi-realistic combat practice. While I'll readily admit that the kendo rules are far removed from those of an actual battlefield, the same could be said about boxing, or most martial arts, in fact. ...


2

FALSE! Yagyu Shinkage Ryu's living traditions do practice left-handed techniques with the katana, including left-handed iai. In addition, the historical mokuroku/technique catalogues of the Yagyu Shinkage Ryu housed in Nara's Ikomayama Houzanji Temple dated to 1601 clearly depicts the katana being held in two hands with left hand leading for the techniques ...


2

Here is how the relevant terms are defined in the Kodokan New Japanese-English Dictionary of Judo: uke ("receiver"; the thrown; uke) The person who receives a technique during repetition (uchikomi) or controlled (yakusoku) practice. ukemi (breakfall) General term for breakfalls designed to protect the body when thrown. ukeru (to receive) To ...


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