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Every individual muscle fiber cannot contract for long without being damaged. Therefore, in any static posture or exertion of strength over a significant period of time, muscle fibers within muscle bundles and muscle bundles within muscles coordinate with each other to do the job in turns, as it were. This is normal and the reason why we can exert much more ...


5

Joints This one is easy. Yes, your martial arts instruction should cover joints extensively. This includes things like the use of joints, the training of joints, striking with joints, striking at joints, the protection of joints, and health maintenance of joints. But this is not something I would call theory; there is very little abstraction when talking ...


3

It is common for Shifus to have knowledge of TCM theory. It is also common for them to explain TCM theory to students. However, it is equally common for Shifus to withhold such information. Such information may be deemed the province of closed-door disciples, not for disclosing to normal students. For better or worse, CMA has a tradition that most ...


2

Yes and No. If I am close enough to you I can move my shoulder and punch you long before you can dodge or block. If I am far enough away I couldn't possibly hit you without your reactions giving you a good chance to evade my strike. In addition many styles, boxing included, will teach ways to hide shoulder movement with foot movements and clever steps. That ...


2

It's not uncommon, especially for internal styles. By my teacher was a Chinese national champion in internal and said it's not necessary. "Feeling" is essential, and I can elaborate more if interested, but really it just comes down to training hard and consistently over a extended period. (Years for basic competence, decades for even basic ...


2

Tendons are a 3d lattice structure, and generally fairly strong. They are strengthened in the same way that muscles are, however where a muscle will recover in 24-48 hours from a training session, tendons take 48-72 hours. There is a good breakdown here with some referenced studies on how to make them stronger with supplementation and training. As far as ...


2

It's common for people to stand with their knees straight, with their center of mass over the heels. When one is in this position, one can be collaquially "caught flat-footed", where one is slow to react because the the first motions required to move are to bend the legs and shift weight either towards the front or the side. In contrast, if one &...


1

I do not have experience in qigong, but I have seen this behavior in yoga, when standing at attention in odd poses in marching band Color Guard, and in some martial arts. It basically comes down to muscular tension in an unaccustomed pose. Almost every static position that humans hold requires some degree of effort to maintain that position, even just ...


1

That's a good approach. But things move fast in there when you're sparring with professionals. They may throw combinations in bunches, and you won't get a chance to see the shoulders. Personally, I just go by feeling now in days. If their right hand lands on my gloves—I figure the left is coming, so I prepare to either move, block or counter. Landing ...


1

The shoulders are about half a meter away from each other, so if you're focused on one the other could be comin' for ya. And I agree with @dawgdeelux, especially with the jab. I was originally taught to look at the center of the chest, where your peripheral vision can see all 4 limbs to some extent and where you're not going to be eye-faked or intimidated by ...


1

Can't say I've ever heard that one "Watch the shoulders". The guys we train with are typically fast enough that once you realize the shoulder is moving they have already made contact, not to mention, once they figure out your watching their shoulders they'll use shoulder motion against you. We look towards the chest, that way we can see both hands ...


1

Soapbox time. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is dangerous quackery. It is right up there with homeopathy and the healing power of crystals. While some of the 'magic potions' TCM practitioners peddle are harmless, many are dangerous concoctions of unregulated plant materials and cheaply made pharmaceuticals. That's right, many TCM remedies have hidden ...


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