1st dan in Taekwondo (WT) since 2016.
Studied Karate in the early 1980s under Roy Kurban. Studied Taekwondo since 1992 under Grandmaster Jin-Song Chung, and since 2015 under Master Eun-Ig Lee.
Currently studying Hapkido / Hapkiyoosool (IHF) since 2017 under Master Gottfried Roser.
Briefly studied a few other styles, including Aikido and Combat Hapkido.