Many judo kaeshi-waza are not fundamentally different from other techniques, except that they are used as a counter to a specific attack by uke (e.g. tsubame-gaeshi is a de-ashi-barai used to counter a leg sweep). However there are many ways one can counter various attack attempts. Which counters are canonically considered kaeshi-waza?

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Kodokan Judo nage-waza - Various techniques and their names lists various counters falling under the kaeshi-waza technique names. For the counters to turning throws, they mostly consist of

  1. Kosoto-gari/ -gake attacking uke's far (planted) foot/leg
  2. Twisting uke continuing their forwards motion towards the left or right (uki-otoshi)
Kaeshi-waza Uke attack Tori counter(s)
Tawara gaeshi Ashi-dori / Morote-gari (Tawara gaeshi)
Tsubame gaeshi De- / Okuri-ashi-barai De-ashi-barai
Osoto gaeshi Osoto-gari Osoto-gari
Uchi-mata sukashi Uchi-mata Uki-otoshi
Kouchi gaeshi Kouchi-gari Uki-otoshi
Ouchi gaeshi Ouchi-gari Uki-otoshi

Kosoto-gari / -gake
Uchi-mata gaeshi Uchi-mata Kosoto-gari / -gake
Harai-goshi gaeshi Harai-goshi Kosoto-gari / -gake
Hane-goshi gaeshi Hane-goshi Kosoto-gari / -gake


Additionally there are the situational hip throws:

Kaeshi-waza Uke attack Tori counter(s)
Utsuri-goshi Koshi-waza, uchi-mata etc [Lift +] O-goshi
Ushiro-goshi Koshi-waza (Ushiro-goshi)
Daki-age Do-jime / Guard (Daki-age)

Note: Similarly named techniques

While some other techniques have the word kaeshi in the name, I suspect these may be examples of the meaning of "reverse" as opposed to "counter [attack]" e.g. kibisu-gaeshi, sumi-/obi-tori-/hikikomi-gaeshi (in the same vein as ude-gaeshi).


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