1

Over the years several new techniques have been added to the Kodokan judo syllabus, and some variants of existing techniques have since gained their own official names.

How has technique classification evolved over the years?

2

1895

Original 41 throwing techniques compiled (Gokyō no waza):

  • Dai Ikkyō: Hiza Guruma, Sasae Tsurikomi Ashi, Uki Goshi, Tai Otoshi, Ō Soto Gari, De Ashi Barai, Yoko Otoshi
  • Dai Nikkyō: Sumi Gaeshi, Ō Goshi, Ko Soto Gari, Koshi Guruma, Seoi Nage, Tomoe Nage, Tani Otoshi
  • Dai Sankyō: Okuri Ashi Barai, Harai Goshi, Ushiro Goshi, Ura Nage, Uchi Mata, Obi Otoshi, Hane Goshi
  • Dai Yonkyō: Uki Otoshi, Uki Waza, Daki Wakare, Kata Guruma, Hikkomi Gaeshi, Soto Makikomi, Tsuri Goshi, Utsuri Goshi, Ō Soto Otoshi, Tawara Gaeshi
  • Dai Gokyō: Yoko Guruma, Yoko Wakare, Uchi Makikomi, Ko Uchi Gari, Ashi Guruma, Seoi Otoshi, Yoko Gake, Harai Tsurikomi Ashi, Yama Arashi, Ō Soto Guruma

~1911

One new technique added to Dai Gokyō (41 total, Kyū Gokyō no waza):

  • Tsurikomi-goshi

    Total: 42 nage-waza


1920

8 techniques removed from Gokyō Habukareta waza

  • Obi otoshi, Seoi otoshi, Yama arashi, Osoto otoshi, Daki wakare, Hikikomi gaeshi, Tawara gaeshi, Uchi makikomi

6 techniques added (40 total, Shin Gokyō no waza):

  • Hane-makikomi, Ko-soto-gake, O-guruma, O-uchi-gari, Sukui-nage, Sumi-otoshi

Katame-waza formalised:

  • Osaekomi-waza: Hon-kesa-gatame, Kuzure-kesa-gatame, Kata-gatame, Kami-shiho-gatame, Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame, Yoko-shiho-gatame, Tate-shiho-gatame
  • Shime-waza: Nami-juji-jime, Gyaku-juji-jime, Kata-juji-jime, Hadaka-jime, Okuri-eri-jime, Kata-ha-jime, Do-jime
  • Kansetsu-waza: Ude-garami, Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame, Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame, Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame, Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame, Ude-hishigi-hara-gatame, Ashi-garami

⚠️ Do-jime, Ashi-garami prohibited in competition

Total: 48 nage-waza, 21 katame-waza


01/04/1982

17 new techniques added Shin meishō no tachi-waza:

  • Morote-gari, Kuchiki-taoshi, Kibisu-gaeshi, Uchi-mata-sukashi, Kouchi-gaeshi
  • Daki-age
  • Tsubame-gaeshi, Osoto-gaeshi, Ouchi-gaeshi, Hane-goshi-gaeshi, Harai-goshi-gaeshi, Uchi-mata-gaeshi
  • Kani-basami, Osoto-makikomi, Uchi-mata-makikomi, Harai-makikomi, Kawazu-gake

⚠️ Daki-age, Kani-basami, Kawazu-gake prohibited in competition

Total: 65 nage-waza, 21 katame-waza


01/02/1985

8 new techniques added Shin meishō no katame-waza:

  • Sode-guruma-jime, Kata-te-jime, Ryo-te-jime, Tsukkomi-jime, Sankaku-jime
  • Ude-hishigi-ashi-gatame, Ude-hishigi-te-gatame, Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame

    Total: 65 nage-waza, 29 katame-waza


01/04/1997

Two technique variants given own classifications:

  • Ippon-seoi-nage, Sode-tsurikomi-goshi
  • ♻️ Hon-kesa-gatame renamed Kesa-gatame

    Total: 67 nage-waza, 29 katame-waza


01/04/2017

  • Obi-tori-gaeshi, Kouchi-maki-komi
  • Ushiro-kesa-gatame, Uki-gatame, Ura-gatame
  • Daki-age

    Total: 68 nage-waza, 32 katame-waza


Sources:

柔道の技名称について (kodokanjudoinstitute.org)
講道館柔道 技名称一覧 (English)
Creatividad y deporte: Consideraciones teóricas e investigaciones breves
The Principles of Osaekomi in Kodokan Judo, The Kano Society Bulletin (2019)
IJF referee Seminar Malaga 2014, Rules presentation

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.